This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Guillain Barre Syndrome Descrption Essay

2318 words - 9 pages

What is myelin sheath?
A typical nerve consists of dendrites, axons, a cell body, terminal buttons and myelin sheaths. Dendrites gather information from the environment and the stimulus is gathered in the cell body. The axons of a nerve function to carry nerve impulses from the body to another nerve. Spaces in between myelin sheaths in axons, where electrical impulses travel, are called Nodes of Ranvier.
The myelin sheath, also called medullary sheath, is a modified plasma membrane formed by layers of Schwann’s cell membranes (in the peripheral nervous system) or oligodendrocyte membranes (in the central nervous system) wrapped around the axon of the nerve. It is made up of lipids and proteins. Lipids constitute approximately 70% to 85% present in different forms such as cholesterol, cerebroside, ethanol-containing plasmogens, lecithin and sphingomyelin. Proteins compose approximately 15%-30% of the myelin sheath in the form of myelin basic protein and proteolipid protein. The myelin sheath is the part of the nerve damaged by the immune system in Guillain-Barre Syndrome.

Figure 1.0 Structure of a typical myelinated neuron
What is the importance of myelin sheath in nerve conduction?
Myelin sheath is composed mainly of fat (lipids) which are good electric insulators. This property of lipids gives myelin sheath its major function, that is, insulation of electrical impulses along the axon. Because of the insulation function of the myelin sheath, electrical impulses can’t travel along the myelinated parts of the axon and jump only from one node of Ranvier to another instead of traveling the entire span of the axon. This causes electrical impulses to travel at a more rapid rate as fast as the speed of a race car (70-120 m/s). When the preexisting myelin sheaths are damaged or lost,(a condition called demyelination) the conduction of nerve impulses slows down or stops causing a remarkable damage in the information networks within the nervous system.
What is an autoimmune disorder?
An autoimmune disorder is a condition involving the attack of the immune system to the own body causing damage to healthy body tissues through antibodies. Typically, the white blood cells of the immune system protect the body from foreign substances, called antigens which may be harmful to the body. But in patients with autoimmune disorders, the immune system loses its ability to differentiate between healthy body tissues and antigens, resulting to an immune response destroying normal body tissues. There are many different types of autoimmune disorders causing damage to different tissues. Some of which are blood vessels, connective tissues, endocrine glands, joints, nerves, muscles, red blood cells and the skin. In Guillain-Barre syndrome, the autoimmune system specifically attacks the nerves particularly the myelin sheath of the nerves in the peripheral nervous system, causing demyelination and subsequently, nerve dysfunction.
Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS)

Find Another Essay On Guillain-Barre Syndrome Descrption

Guillian-Barre Syndrome Essay

751 words - 4 pages Achilles reflex and the quadriceps muscle. The condition of the soldiers ameliorated and were soon discharged from the hospital. Weeks after the case with Guillian, Baré, and Strohl, three cases were reported. After three months, all of the patients were discharged. It was not until 1927 when H. Dragonanesco and J. Claudion first called the disorder Guillain-Barré syndrome. To know what doctors are dealing with, they must know the symptoms. First

Pathophysiology of Guillian-Barré Syndrome (GBS) Essay

959 words - 4 pages Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculopathy | American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine." Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculopathy | American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014. . "Guillain-Barre Syndrome ." Guillain-Barre Syndrome. N.p., n.d. Web. 19

"The Risk of The Influenza Vaccine" This essay is about the side effects of the Flu Vaccine

588 words - 2 pages diagnosed with polyneuritis, explains of how he was treated, "a Doctor came round who said I had 'polyneuritis' and they encased me, as I am today, in splints. [...] I lay there for about seven months, and I was in a wheelchair." (Paul)One of the worst side effects of the flu vaccination is the Guillain-Barre Syndrome, otherwise known as GBS. GBS is a disorder in which the body's immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system (NATIONAL

Autoimmune Diseases

2157 words - 9 pages autoimmune disease by an IL-12-dependent pathway. J Immunol 158, 5087–90. (1997). 6. Fairweather, D. & Rose, N. R. Coxsackievirus-induced myocarditis in mice: a model of autoimmune disease for studying immunotoxicity. Methods 41, 118-122 (2007). 7. Schonberger LB, Bregman DJ, Sullivan-Bolyai JZ, et al. Guillain-Barre syndrome following vaccination in the National Influenza Immunization Program, United States, 1976–1977. Am J Epidemiol 110: 105–23

An Evaluation of the Seasonal Influenza Vaccine

2107 words - 8 pages regarding effectiveness, the potential for side effects and allergies from the vaccine concern critics; though a legitimate concern, doctors can predict most allergies, and side effects occur rarely and mildly. The most well-known side effects of the flu, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, prompts paralysis in its victims for a certain period of time and may result in death. Yet, in its most severe outbreak related to the flu in 1976, it affected around

Foodborne illness and the dietetics profession

2258 words - 9 pages supportive care (CDC, 2001). Antibiotics may be initiated for severe cases. Although most foodborne infections are short-term, recent attention has focused on investigating chronic diseases associated with foodborne illnesses, such as Guillain-Barre syndrome following Campylobacter infection. This syndrome is the leading cause of acute paralysis in the United States (Buzby & Roberts, 1997). It is a secondary condition, resulting in some of

Respiratory Dysfunction

2171 words - 9 pages to weakness in respiratory muscles. According to Tecklin, spinal cord injuries above C4 are in severe category due to paralysis of the phrenic nerve that innervates the diaphragm. Tecklin talks about neurological conditions such as Guillain-Barre Syndrome, lesions in the medullary centers of the brain, and Werdnig-Hoffmann Syndrome (progressive loss of anterior horn cells) that reduce to respiratory stimuli and cause muscle weakness (Site

Parents Should Have More Say in Vaccinating Children

2475 words - 10 pages evidence of possible shock and a casual relation to Guillain-Barre Syndrome. With the rubella vaccine, there is evidence of acute arthritis and chronic arthritis. (Koch 648). Don’t let those words frighten you, though. The Surgeon General, David Satcher, stated that only 15% of Vaccine Adverse Even Reporting System reports describe events considered serious (Koch 649). The biggest fear that most parents discuss when associating problems with

Botulism, the Deadly Toxin

2016 words - 9 pages for botulism, then the next step for diagnosing is to identify the toxin in the serum, vomit, gastric aspirate or stool. Since botulism can affect a person neuromuscular there are quite a few other illnesses that should be ruled out due to the rarity of botulism like Myasthenia Gravis and Guillain-Barre’ Syndrome. When it comes to treating botulism, besides the supportive frequent evaluations of neurologic and respiratory status and paying


2531 words - 10 pages mercury, the incidence of autism began abruptly increasing. Comparable increases have taken place in ADHD (attention deficit hyperactive disorder) and learning disabilities diagnosis. Autoimmune diseases including juvenile diabetes, multiple sclerosis, asthma, and allergies, Guillain-Barre syndrome, and Crohn’s inflammatory bowel disease are also increasing. If the steadily growing mental /physical health deficits taking place among children are not

Serial killers:what about them? the psychology of serial killers. some case studies. few spelling errors.over all content was said to be exlent by my teacher

4853 words - 19 pages to arsenic made to look like gastroenteritis for others. Blanche Taylor Moore (1966-1989) killed 2 husbands, one or more lovers, a pastor, her father and mother-in-law in Burlington, North Carolina by arsenic poisoning made to look like severe stomach cramps, diarrhea, and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Her husbands and men she had affairs with reminded her of her abusive father, whom she also killed in a family reconciliation meeting. She won a

Similar Essays

Guillain Barre Syndrome Essay

2004 words - 9 pages Throughout history, society has been confronted by conditions, diseases, and syndromes that could not be treated, let alone cured. In 1916, a man named Georges Guillain, a man named Jean Alexandre Barre, and a man named Andre Strohl, began to observe symptoms in a soldier that they later named Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Amongst the syndromes that leave research scientists discombobulated is Guillain-Barre Syndrome, GBS. GBS is a rare but serious

Guillain Barre Syndrome Essay

1653 words - 7 pages Guillain-Barre Syndrome Guillain-Barre Syndrome, or acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, is a self-limiting disease characterized by areflexia and acute progressive motor weakness of at least one limb. Other symptoms include motor weakness of the extremities and face, loss or reduction of deep tendon reflexes, decreased sensation throughout the body,ophthalmoplegia, and ataxia. In severe cases respiratory failure and autonomic

Gbs: Guillain Barre Syndrome Essay

644 words - 3 pages GBS cases. This form is similar in manifestations to AIDP. FS can cause axonal deterioration which is precipitated by reversible conduction block. Some features include the loss of strength on in extra ocular muscles, loss of reflexes and uncontrolled muscle movement. The most common triggers for this type are infections. Guillain-Barre syndrome can go just as easily as it comes, and it usually begins in reverse order, which means the upper

A Comparison Of Guillain Barre Syndrome And Multiple Sclerosis Related To Central And Peripheral Nervous Pathologies

1292 words - 6 pages Background Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease affecting the myelination of the central nervous system, leading to numerous issues regarding muscle strength, coordination, balance, sensation, vision, and even some cognitive defects. Unfortunately, the etiology of MS is not known, however, it is generally thought of and accepted as being an autoimmune disorder inside of the central nervous system (Rietberg, et al. 2004). According to a study