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Gullen Essay

1399 words - 6 pages

Gullen Essay
Children are natural learners using curiosity as an engine for their studies. Imagine what we are capable as students if we are allowed to study what we love and enjoy? Education in underdeveloped countries has attracted significant attention in recent years from educational policy makers around the world. It is considered a key social factor for economic prosperity as well as social progress in the fields of gender and racial equality. The Millennium Development Goals and Targets put “Achieve universal primary education” as Goal number two. The United Nations established Unesco (United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and the Heavily indebted poor country initiative (HIPC) to help developing countries improve their educational programs. A total of 653 million dollars where spent in the year 2012-2013 to help low and middle income countries improve their educational programs. However, while education coverage has increased over time, Bolivia still faces considerable challenges for its education system to improve. Universal coverage remains a challenge especially among disadvantaged groups. We desperately require the help of nonprofit organizations to help with our educational reform.
Bolivia’s National Educational System is composed of a formal and a non-formal sector. The non-formal system covers adult and special education. Formal education is divided into four cycles: initial, primary, secondary, and University. As recent as 2001, net enrollment in secondary was only 51%, only one-third of first graders completed the fifth grade, 20% started secondary school, 5% began their postsecondary studies, and just 1% received a university degree. Dropout rates were higher among girls and rural children. Only about 40% of rural youngsters continued their education beyond the third grade. Unfortunately, those who have the least access to an education are exactly those who are most in need of its benefits. The rural and poor populations are particularly underserved. School is not the number one priority for most students. This is because what is taught in their curriculum is not applicable to the student’s daily life. Most of these disadvantaged children want to make money because that’s the only way they will survive. That marks two fundamental errors in Bolivia’s educational system. The materialistic drive of students and inapplicable material they are supposed to learn. Usually education will come second after providing or contributing to your family by working full or part time jobs. The students show a lack of interest in their studies and that shouldn’t be surprising. It is not easy to expose children or teenagers with piles of clerical work every day and not expect them to get bored. If the student is forced to learn then it is less likely for him/her to retain most of the information, unless they are learning something that is genuinely interesting for them. Otherwise education becomes a burden, an...

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