Gullivers Travels vs Pride and Prejudice
Civility, as stated in the Webster’s Dictionary, as polite or courteous is represented in the novels Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austin and in Part IV of Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift. Civilization, as seen in the novels Pride and Prejudice and Gulliver’s Travels, is depicted as an act of human nature as compared to the act of savages. Human beings can be civilized and uncivilized depending on the way the reason things out or the way they act in a certain situations. The following essay will contain several ways in which civility is represented in the two novels. Human beings may be civilized in the way they act but the way they think may be contradictive or uncivilized. In Pride and Prejudice the characters may act civilized in all human ways but really they are uncivilized in the way they think because they live in a world that seems too perfect, yet they are not satisfied with it, “the more I see of the world the more I am dissatisfied with it and everyday confirms my belief of the inconsistency of the human characters…”. In Gulliver’s Travels, Gulliver believes the exact same thing when he says, “when I happen to behold the reflection of my own form in the lake or fountain I turned away my Face in Horror and detestation of myself; and could better endure the Sight of a common yahoo, than of my own Person. Yahoos may be represented as uncivilized savages in Gulliver’s Travels yet the civilized human being of Pride and Prejudice act as savages in other ways.
Yahoos are creatures that demonstrate the nature of human sinfulness. They are represented as evil, savage and vicious animals without feeling or emotion. Swift describes them as filthy and are supposed to represent the corruption of mankind.(internetwww.) In Pride and Prejudice, Mr.Collins acts as a “yahoo” because he chooses a wife whether he loves her or not. He acts on impulse and does not consider his feelings. This is evident when Mr. Collins first proposes to Elizabeth and later, once Elizabeth refuses, he turns to her best friend and proposes to her, “the next morning he proposes marriage to Elizabeth and of course he refuses him summarily. Then she is flabbergasted to learn that Charlotte has accepted Mr.Collins subsequent proposal to her.” The characters in Gulliver’s Travels, living on the island are literally known as “yahoos” because they act like savages, they have no feeling simply because they were raised in a jungle and were never taught how to have human emotion. Not only do “yahoos” have no emotions and act in an uncivilized manner, but the so-called human beings act as yahoos in other ways as well.
The human beings of the novel Pride and Prejudice are known as greedy people in a way that all they cherish is the materialism of wealth, “a truth universally acknowledged that a single man is in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.” This shows that even though men may have a...