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Guns And Germs Essay

1954 words - 8 pages

Food did not originate from every continent; some food had to be imported because some regions could not grow food as they did not develop agriculture. Diamond formulates this into a question about food origination and when it arose on certain continents (94). It is also stated that there are many global inequalities that Diamond calls the HAVES and HAVES–NOTS. This leads readers to think about Yali’s question regarding New Guiana. Many people had farm power and many did not until several years later or did not have farm power at all because of the environmental and ecological issues in that society like climate. This leads to an issue Diamond calls “to farm or not to farm.” This also raises ...view middle of the document...

Ultimately, readers learn that domestic plants and animals account for the environmental developments of each society. For example, it was important to understand when the plants and animals were domesticated in the region and why some chose to adopt certain growing and domination techniques and some did not. Readers also learn that the spread of plants and animals play a significant role in the development and growth of societies.
“Writing marched together with weapons, microbes (germs), and centralized political organization as a modern agent of conquest” (116). Diamond uses Europe as an exceptional example in regards to Yali’s question as to why white people colonized New Guinea: “Europeans were the ones who had the oceangoing ships and compasses to travel to New Guinea; the writing systems and printing presses to produce maps, descriptive accounts and administrative paperwork useful in establishing control of New Guinea” (317). This is a great example because it sheds light on Yali’s question as to why New Guinea never developed; they did not develop the skills and techniques Europe did and this led to the colonization of New Guinea and Australia. Farming was very different in New Guinea because their food lacked the nutrients Europeans had in their food, and they also lacked large animals due to their extinctions which readers learn in chapter 2. Many Asians settled in Indonesia and islands around New Guinea around 1600 B.C which opens up a trade route for New Guinea. This is a great approach for New Guinea at this time because they lacked in technological advances. European conquest of New Guinea and Australia likely occurred due to their technological advances, as well as their environment and geography. Europeans were so advanced at the time that they were able to adapt to a new environment and use techniques they used in Europe such as writing.
Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies by Diamond answers some great questions about how society developed in the past and today. The book was great at explaining societal formation today and contained context that could be used to explain various questions about the food revolution and how societies dominated over other societies, as well as how geography and agriculture had an effect on the development of these societies. Yali’s question was a great way to introduce readers to Guns, Germs and Steel. However, Yali’s question seems like it is way too complex to answer until readers start reading the book, and Diamond uses simple ways to answer Yali’s question even though a lot of it is referred to the environment. Nevertheless, I particularly liked this because I believe your environmental factors sometimes have a lot to do with what you face. For example, weather in Michigan and Florida is very different. Michigan does not have the ability to grow crops all year round while Florida does because they have decent weather all year round making it easy for them to grow plants. ...

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