Gustav Klimt's Contributions To Art Essay

1567 words - 7 pages

Literacy Research Paper: Gustav Klimt
Gustav Klimt was born in Baumgarten near Vienna in Ausrtia-Hungary on July 14, 1862(Eva Di Stefano pg. 20) and passed away on February 6, 1918. Gustav was the second of seven children which included three boys and four girls. Klimt's mother, Anna Klimt aspired to be a musical performer(Lisa Florman). Gustav's father, Ernst Klimt was formerly from Bohemia, was a gold engraver. Gustav was an Austrian symbolist painter and was one of the major members of the Vienna Secession movement. Gustav was mainly noted for his paintings, murals, sketches and other objects. Klimt's primary subject was the female body, in which he loved to do a lot(Eva Di Stefano pg. 20)
Gustav attended the Vienna School of Arts and Crafts in which he lived in poverty(Eva Di Stefano pg. 20). Gustav Studied architectural painting until 1883. He looked up to Hans Makart who was Vienna's most historical painter of the time. In 1877 his brother, Ernst Jr, who, like his father(Eva Di Stefano pg. 20), would become an engraver as well enrolled in the school. The two brothers and their friend, Franz Matasch, began working together and by 1880 they had received numerous commissions as a team that they called "Company of Artist"(Eva Di Stefano pg. 22). This group also helped their teacher in painting murals in the Kunsthistorisches Musem in Vienna which I find to be very helpful and I feel like that helped shaped Gustav to become a better person. Klimt started his professional career painting interior murals and ceilings in large public buildings on the RingstaBe, which included a successful series of "Allegories and Emblems(Gustav Klimt pg. 35)
In 1888 Klimt received the Golden Order of Merit from Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria for his contributions to murals painted in the Burgtheater in Vienna(Lisa Florman). Klimt also became an honorary member of the University of Munich as well as the University of Vienna(Lisa Florman). This shows how well of an artist Klimt was. When Klimt's father and brother passed in 1892 the tragedies affected his artistic vision and soon he started to move towards a new personal lifestyle(Jane Rogoyska). Klimt also had to assume financial abilities for both his father's and brother's families.
In the early 1890's Klimt met Emilie Louise Floge who was to be his companion until the end of his life. Gustav's painting, The Kiss, is thought to be an image of them as lovers. Gustav designed many costumes she created and modeled in his works. During this period Gustav fathered fourteen children(Eva Di Stefano pg. 35)
According to my research Klimt became one of the founding members and president of the Wiener Sezession in 1897 and the groups periodical, Ver Sacrum which means Scared Spring(Eva Di Stefano pg. 50). Klimt remained with the secession until 1908. The goals of the group were to provide exhibitions for unconventional young artist and to bring the works of the best foreign artists to Vienna as well to publish...

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