H.P. Lovecraft’s fascination in supernatural theories plays into a main basis for his novels. (Wohleber) With the unknown lurking, Lovecraft incorporates horror through the use of psychological fear as a form of expression making it become crucial for many of his works. At the Mountains of Madness encompasses this thought by the expeditions before and after effects on the characters. The urge to be a success fills the scientists up with courage to embark on such a dangerous trip; however, after the trip the survivors, Danforth and Dyer, had lost all sense of sanity. “On our return Danforth was close to hysterics..promise to say shew our sketches or say anything.” (Lovecraft 176.) Their eyes couldn’t believe what was seen having them debate whether it was hallucinations or real. Ultimately this made them reach a decision where the world will not have to question their authority, for they will both keep their mouth shut. This novel expresses a psychological factor through the use of scientific theories showing the horror that lies beneath them.
As the novel’s need for explorations grows, the reader can notice the change throughout the settings and comfort of the scientists therefore growing the psychological build. “Certain influences in that of the unknown Antarctic world make it imperative that further exploration be discouraged.” (Lovecraft 201.) It took the plane crash, mountain, and labyrinth exploration for them to finally realize the dangers that lurked and prevented them from looking deeper. Being so excited about a trip to make discoveries so at the end it could all be terminated early makes one wonder what went on to all of a sudden stop searching. This is the psychological aspect that Lovecraft incorporates into his work.
After the expedition, the characters weren’t able to cope with society. “I could not help feeling evil things over the accursed ultimate abyss.” The places are seen as dangers that Dyer and Danforth cannot even repeat to each other what they experienced. “The horror felt by the characters in the novel are not those of pain, but simply the fear of knowing the unsuspected truth hiding just beneath the surface of things.”(Wohleber.) Lovecraft’s writing goes beyond what tends to be said as “horror” by using madness in his characters, suspicion and discovery to the surroundings and the belief of supernatural beings upon us on Earth.(Wohleber.) Such statements tamper with the mind because with enough evidence one can only wonder whether situations in life like that can happen. Throughout the book the confusion only grows more by showing how their suspicion makes them come up with ideas that didn’t even happen. When arriving at base and having only one person a group of dogs missing while everyone else is dead can only make someone bring up ideas on who is behind it all. Situations like these tamper with the characters head only leading them to further insanity.
Lovecraft works with the nature of fear in literature. He...