Hackers: Technological Wizards Essay

2170 words - 9 pages

Hackers come in all shapes and sizes. In the world of hackers shapes and sizes don't matter. Technological knowledge and computer skills are the only traits that matter in the hierarchy of the hacker society. The hackers with the most skills are respected most. There are two main types of hackers that invade on the privacy of law-abiding citizens. These hackers are known as phone phreaks and system hackers and he will stop at nothing to aquire the information he wants. Hackers usually try to learn all he or she can about the computer he/she has; whereas, the average computer user who just wants to learn only the minimal amount necessary.(Kevin Mitnick 145).Phone phreaks use more of the telephone system than they do computers. Christian Hughes said 'Phreaks can clone cellular phone signals to get cellular service and charge it to someone else.(91). There have been a number of instances where people have been charged for cellular service they did not use. Every cellular phone emits a 10-digit electronic serial number that gives the subscriber authority to make a call. Using a simple device that can be bought at a good electronicssupply store, hackers can scan the air-waves and read these serial numbers.(Highwave Robbery 87).Near a busy intersection or any other congested area a hacker can get dozens of serial numbers in a few minutes. The hacker must then remove the chip from the cellular phone and reprogram it with one of the numbers he stole. With a simple laptop the chip can be reprogrammed and ready to use in just a few minutes, giving unlimited calling anywhere in the world.System hackers use computers and software instead of hardware to their advantage. System hackers have to interact more with people than phreaks do. To succeed, hackers need three things: motive, opportunity, and means. The motive may be increased knowledge, a joy ride, or profit. There is always opportunity since most corporate computers are running all hours of the day. Hackers do not need state-of-the-art equipment to hack systems. Used equipment is inexpensive and adequate to the task. Most companies allow some type of remote access by means of either dial-up lines or connections to external networks. For a relatively small monthly fee, anyone can have access to the Internet. Unfortunately many corporations provide opportunities to access their systems by failing to provide adequate security controls.(Bernard, W. Bird 45).Hackers believe that potential for success outweighs the penalties of getting caught. Following this belief, hacker will use any method at their disposal to attack a certain computer.As technology has changed, so too have the challenges facing security professionals. It is important to keep informed of the many methods of attack used by hacker. There are many methods that are used to hack a system. Some methods come from the computer, others come from the hacker himself. Most methods of attack use software as the key component in the attack. The hackers...

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