Haiti Essay

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St. Domingue, a French colony in the New World, progressed into a structured society with distinct socio-economic classes and a booming economy. As St. Domingue was economically thriving, a revolution occurred. One that would come to be famous for the successful freeing of the island's slaves: the Haitian Revolution. While the island’s class system developed, racial and social separations occurred, specifically between the rich whites and mixed race citizens. While both races were white, fully or partially, the rich whites enjoyed privileges that the mixed race population were prohibited from. Divisions, both racial and social, between the rich whites and mixed race citizens of St. Domingue was the spark of the Haitian Revolution.
The mixed race and rich white populations were constantly at odds with one another, in turn leading to the revolution. The mixed race people of the island felt entitled to equality with the rich whites, but were still hindered by discriminatory laws," A set of laws...constantly reminded them that, simply because they were not white, they were a step below in the colonial hierarchy."1 The mixed race citizens of the island had many less rights than the rich whites as," racialism, related to color prejudice, was an abiding feature of colonial life."2 Furthermore, the people of mixed color, who by the Code Noir should have equal rights to rich whites, were still seen as the lesser class," Certain professions were closed to them, their clothing was to some extent prescribed and harsher legal penalties were applied to them then the whites."3 Eventually the tensions escalated between the two classes and conflict broke out.
Due to the tension between the rich whites and mixed color citizens of the island, a revolt began which contributed to the Haitian Revolution. Finally, the mixed race people decided to fight back against discrimination, as they gathered weapons and began a revolt against the rich whites. To aid them in the revolt the mixed race people recruited their slaves," the alliance was a potent one, bringing the military skills of the enslaved Africans with the...soldiers and police."4 Soon after the fighting began, proving the strained...

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