Haiti Essay

2292 words - 10 pages

Haiti, a small island near the Caribbean was stumbled upon by Christopher Columbus in December of 1492 he referred to the island as “La Isla Espanola” (History of Haiti). However, Arawak Indians who called the island “Hayti” inhabited the Island. In the early years of Haiti the Spanish, Britain, and France were fighting for it for new territory. Towards the 17th century, the native Indians became extinct and the French ruled the Island.
Once under the French regulation they decided to use the island for it sufficient of resources such as coffee, cotton, sugar cane, and cocoa. As the demand for these products grew, the promotion of slavery went into full affect. Slaves imported from the west coast of Africa against their will to work and harvest crops. The slaves were a great essential part of the thriving economy in the region, by 1780; Haiti was one of the wealthiest regions in the world.
In the late 18th century, a revolution began against the French government. The slaves took action and revolted ruler Napoleon. In the beginning of the 19th century, Haiti was the first black independent nation. Haiti soon went through a rough time of assassination and over through of power. Haiti soon became split into two countries. The two countries today are known as the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
Culture
Haiti is a very over colonized country; the population is at 9.8 million people (Pike). The second most populated country is Haiti. Haiti is also one of the poorest countries in North America. The country has two major ethnic groups, black and mulatto. In the country, they have two official languages, French and Creole.
The working class families are not like the ones of the western philosophy. Women work side by side of the men to make money doing agricultural duties. The working class women do not take care of the household by themselves. In the household all, the financial and household obligations are shared. The formal extended family is ending in hopes of a better life, for moving into more urbanized area. The families taken on a more western style of living called the nuclear family.
The separation between the extended family living and the nuclear families caused social insecurities within the country. Amongst the separation of families, it also caused a social status rift within the country, solely based off color, race, work ethic, language, and religion.
Roman Catholic is the official religion of Haiti. Roman Catholic is a form of Christianity. There are about 80 percent of the people in Haiti belong to the Roman Catholic faith. There is also about 15 percent practice protestant faith. Over half of the people in Haiti still practice voodoo within their religion. The voodoo culture was originally brought over from Africa by the slaves, but is still highly used.

Voodoo-
Voodoo is a practice of African culture rituals that help in healing and restoring the soul.
Voodoo has always been one of Haiti's most...

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