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Haiti By Kendra Geography Period 4 December 18, 2013

1267 words - 6 pages

Haiti was the first and only country in the history of mankind whose independence is the result of a successful slave rebellion (Haiti interesting Facts).Haiti’s geography, history, people, lifestyle, and society are very interesting topics.
Geography
Haiti has many interesting and beautiful land formations. It is located on the Western part of the island Hispaniola. The Dominican Republic is its neighboring country. Haiti is two-thirds mountainous. The rest of the country features many beautiful valleys, steep plateaus and, grassy plains. Its climate is hot, humid and tropical. The North winds bring fog and sprinkle that interrupts its dry season in November through January. In February and May it is very wet and humid. The Northeast trade winds bring the rain during the wet season. The average rainfall is two hundred to four hundred centimeters. In the summer the average temperature is 15°C to 20°C. In the winter the temperature is normally 25° to 35°C. The climate and land forms have greatly affected the country.
History
Haiti has a long and interesting history. On December 6th, 1492, Columbus founded Haiti. When Spain tried to take it the land the Native Arawaks fought back for it was their land and had been their ancestors land for hundreds of years. Inevitably they lost to the Spanish rule. In 1697 the French took over and named it Saint-Dominique, it became one of the leading producers of sugar cane. The downside was only the slaves knew how to plant and harvest it so later the industry failed. The slave revolted in 1791 resulting in a Declaration of Independence under the leadership of Pierre-Dominique Toussaint l’Ouverture, being written in 1801. Napoleon Bonuparte stopped the independence act but thankfully in 1804 it passed under Jean-Jacques Dessalines, because of this bill being passed Saint-Dominique became the first independent black republic. He thought since the country had a new sense of freedom it should also be renamed. He later named in Haiti. The revolution benefited the slaves but it also ruined the economy. Fights broke out between the light-skinned Mulattos and the black population. The country was also having disputes with Santo Domingo. When Haiti became bankrupt they accepted a United States custom receivership. Marines from the United States went to Haiti from 1915 to 1934 and this resulted in stability for the country. After this the population grew and resulted in the most densely populated nation in the western hemisphere. Shortly after Duvalier’s, secret police (the Tontos Mocoutes), gave the country complete stability. In 1971 Duvalier died and his eldest son, Jean-Claude, succeeded as the new leader of Haiti that was, at the time, the poorest country in the western hemisphere.
In 1980 the country suffered the first AIDS epidemic struck. The tourist industry collapsed because people were afraid of the newly found disease. As a result unemployment rose in the nation. Jean-Claude was also afraid and he fled the...

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