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Haitian Homes And Way Of Life

1493 words - 6 pages

Haiti was the first and only country in the history of civilization whose independence is the result of a successful slave rebellion (Haiti Interesting Facts). Haiti’s beautiful geography, deep history, interesting people, diverse lifestyle, and complex society are very fascinating topics.
Geography
Haiti has many interesting and beautiful land formations. It is located on the Western part of the island Hispaniola. Haiti is covered in mountains. In fact, it is two-thirds mountainous. The rest of the country features many beautiful valleys, steep plateaus, and grassy plains. Its climate is hot, humid, and tropical. The North winds bring fog and precipitation that interrupts Haiti's dry season in November through January. In February and May it is very wet and humid. The Northeast trade winds bring the rain in during the wet season. The average rainfall is two hundred to four hundred centimeters per year. In the summer, the average temperature is 15°C to 20°C.In the winter, the temperature is normally 25°C to 35°C. The climate and land forms have greatly affected the country.
History
Haiti has a long and interesting history. On December 6th, 1492, Columbus founded Haiti. When Spain tried to take it, the land the Native Arawaks fought back, because it had been their ancestors land for hundreds of years. Inevitably, they lost to Spanish rule. In 1697, the French took over and changed Haiti's name to Saint-Dominique. It became one of the leading producers of sugar cane. The downside to the sugarcane industry was only the slaves knew how to plant and harvest it so the industry failed. The slaves revolted in 1791, resulting in a Declaration of Independence being written in 1801, under the leadership of Pierre-Dominique Toussaint l’Ouverture,Napoleon Bonuparte stopped the Independence Act but, thankfully, in 1804, it passed under Jean-Jacques Dessalines. Because of this bill, Saint-Dominique became the first independent black republic. Jean-Jacques Dessalines thought since the country had a new sense of freedom, it should also be renamed. He later renamed it Haiti. The revolution benefited the slaves, but it also ruined the economy. Fights broke out between the light-skinned Mulattos and the black population. The country was also having disputes with Santo Domingo. When Haiti became bankrupt, they accepted a United States custom receivership, which is when on country sends its own soldiers to another country in need. Marines from the United States went to Haiti from 1915 to 1934 and this resulted in stability for the country. After this, the population grew and resulted in the most densely populated nation in the Western Hemisphere. Shortly after the marines gave the country stability, Duvalier’s secret police, the Tontos Mocoutes, gave the country complete stability.In 1971, Duvalier died, and his eldest son, Jean-Claude, succeeded as the new leader of Haiti that was, at the time, the poorest country in the western hemisphere. This entire part of their...

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