Hamlet 3 Essay

1308 words - 5 pages

The MacKenzie's originated from Cailean(Colin) Fitzgerald form the Norman family of the Earls of Desmond and dukes of Leinster in Ireland,(McNie,1983). Supposedly he was driven from Ireland to the Court of Alexander III, of Scotland.(McNie,1988). There he distinguished himself in the battle of Largs one year later. After that battle he was given the title of Governor of Eileandonan by the King. Eileandonan was a strong castle in Kintail, by Loch Dunich and Loch Long, today it's one of the most photographed castles in Scotland. Soon other titles were given to powerful MacKenzie's. Like Sir George MacKnezie the first Earl of Cromarty,(McNie,1983), who wrote the charter of 1266 in his Majesties service. The charter contains the events which lead to the MacKenzies gaining there coat of arms. It tells the story of Cailean who saved the King in the forest of Mar,(McNie,1983). The King was out hunting and his hounds when a furious stag charged at him. Cailean stepped in front of the charging deer and shot it in the forehead with an arrow. For his bravery the King granted for arm's a stags head bleeding from the forehead and as a crest a Dexter arm bearing a naked sword, and the motto "fide parta,fide aucta," which has since being changed,(McNie,1983). A later Earl of Cromarty said that Ceilean Fitzgerald wed a Kenneth MacMhathoin, the Mathieson chiefs daughter,(McNie,1988). Ceileans wife gave birth to a baby boy, which was named after the grandfather, Kenneth.Soon after Ceilean was murdered by his father-in-law, because he was jealous that a Irish descendant was given a Scottish title. All the later members of the family took the name of Ceilean's son Kenneth, from there on the family name was MacKenzie which means son of Kenneth. The first chief of the MacKenzies was Alexander MacKenzie who held the lands of Kintail,(McNie,1998). His relative William the Earl of Ross who was married to Alexander's aunt, demanded that Alexander give the castle to him. Alexander didn't give it up so he gathered neighboring clans that included the MacIvers,Macaulay, and other families in Kintail. They managed to hold of the Earl and they eventually defeated the attacking forces,(McNie,1983). Alexander married the daughter of the Earl of Lorne, who was a Macdougall. Alexander's brother-in-law was Ian grandson of the Red Comyn, so Ian took the place as Robert the Bruce. Robert the Bruce was the title given to the unauthorized King of Scotland. Ian the King used the MacKenzie castle,Eileandonan, as shelter for his monarch. Alexander was a supporter of Ian and lead his army of 500 hundred strong into the battle of Inverury, aswell as the battle of Bannockburn,(McNie,1983). Later his loyalty is answered because it was found out that Alexander also married a daughter of a monarch supporter. After Alexander the MacKenzie chief Murdoch married a daughter of MacLeod of Harris, who was a descendent of Olaf, King of Man, whose wife was was...

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