The thought of knowing the secret of .your father’s murderer must be extremely agonizing. In Shakespeare’s play Hamlet, this the unfortunate tragedy the Prince of Denmark faces upon returning to his homeland. The historical play about Denmark’s royal family follows the basic outline structure known as the Freytag pyramid. Shakespeare implies the pyramid structure using the five acts, which builds the intensity of the drama before revealing the tragic plot. The play not only stresses his feelings and thoughts but also his philosophy on life after death as well. What action Hamlet doesn’t take in the beginning is as important as what he does in the end. Should this young prince eager to be the noble king some day, revenge his father’s unruly death? That is the question!
Returning home for his father’s funeral, Hamlet encounters many problems with the family leadership. The exposition in Hamlet is full of information, because the audience needs to comprehend the situation surrounding Denmark to appreciate some of the characters’ motives. The setting takes place at the King’s castle in Denmark, after a short war with their rivals in Norway. The conflict between these two countries is the background context for the tragedies that follow in Denmark. King Hamlet kills the King of Norway in a single ambush and upon his retreat home dies from a deliberate poisoning by his brother. Fortinbras, the prince Norway, in turn makes his own plans for revenge. Fortinbras gathers a group of evil men and sets out to return to Denmark to revenge his own father’s death. Opening scenes around the castle reveal the Demark guards on duty day and night, in fear of attack from Norway. During their watch a ghost appears as a symbol of trouble for the country’s future fate. Tension between the two countries is the writer’s first attempt to drawl the audience in to the play.
The main characters are Prince Hamlet, the Ghost of Hamlet's father, and Hamlets Uncle Claudius. Other important charters are Queen Gertrude, Hamlet’s mother and Ophelia the young woman who falls in love with Hamlet. Hamlet is the son and prince to the late King of Denmark. The late King expires at the hands of his own brother Claudius. The brother tells everyone the king dies from a snake bite then steals the throne of Denmark from Prince Hamlet by marrying his mother the queen. Claudius is the antagonist to Hamlet because of these harsh acts and more to follow. Hamlet in turn, is the hero and protagonist of this tale because in the end he tries to correct the wrongs of his uncle. When Hamlet returns home from his studies in Germany to attend his father’s funeral, he discovers his mother’s plans to marry Claudius shortly after the funeral. Shakespeare has set the characters into play and what follows reveals the problems for the main character Hamlet.
In the subsequent acts, we see the problems that arise for Hamlet during this major event in his life. Shortly after Claudius thanks the members...