Safaei, Mohammad, and Ruzy Suliza Hashim. "Gertrude's Transformations: Against Patriarchal Authority." English Language & Literature Studies 2.4 (2012): 83-90. Communication & Mass Media Complete. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.
Summary: This article attempts to show the good traits Gertrude possesses through a Feminist Approach. The author argues that Shakespeare wrote with great patriarchal authority and, through Hamlet’s hatred of his mother’s flaws, molded her into a monster. With 21st century examples of characters in situations resembling Gertrude’s in Hamlet: such as Carol in The Dead Fathers Club and Trudy in The story of Edgar Sawtelle, the critics attempt to highlight favorable characteristics the three women share. Many criticize Gertrude for her promiscuity, adultery, and hypocrisy, for these traits are referenced throughout Shakespeare’s play. Yet many readers and critiques of Hamlet do not acknowledge the two modern revisions of Gertrude nor her common sense, determination, or motherly devotion whatsoever. In her century, a widow remarrying was viewed as foolish, yet, in these more modern stories similar to Hamlet, remarrying seems common sensical. When Hamlet murders Polonius, Gertrude places all of the blame on her son’s madness. In an effort to revamp her motherhood, the two modern “Gertrude’s” defend their sons after the crimes they committed. Finally, Shakespeare’s Gertrude possess only sexual incentive to remarry, according to those critiquing the play. Contrarily, Trudy and Carol remarry because they are motivated to gain maternal support. In conclusion, the author of this article believes that modern revisions of Hamlet should encompass these positive qualities in Gertrude, and focus more on them than the bad. These revisions should cause people to think differently about Shakespeare, leading to the realization that his conceptions regarding humanity, men, and women, are not exactly accurate.
Source 2:Zimmerman, Susan. "Psychoanalysis and the corpse." Shakespeare Studies 33 (2005): 101+. Literature Resource Center. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.
Summary: In this journal, the author, Susan Zimmerman, explores the status of a corpse, in early modern Christianity, in terms Julia Kristeva’s theory of abjection. Her perspective of Freud's death-drive relates to the ghost in Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Kristeva theory of abjection refers to the reaction from a threatening breakdown in meaning caused by the loss of the ability to distinguish between subject/self and object/other. The human corpse is one of the most common causes of this reaction because it reminds the living of their own materiality. In her theory, the corpse plays a large role in the development of the subject’s pre-symbolic experience. Kristeva attempts to configure the potential and...