The Tragedy of Hamlet is a play written by William Shakespeare about a young prince trying to avenge his father’s death. In the beginning of the play, young Hamlet is visited by the ghost of his father, who tells Hamlet that his uncle, Claudius, killed him. Meanwhile Hamlets mother, Gertrude, has gotten married to said uncle. Now it is Hamlet’s job to kill his Uncle-father to avenge his dead father, a task that may prove to daunting for Hamlet. In Shakespeare’s, The Tragedy of Hamlet, the author uses diction and syntax to make Hamlet portray himself as mentally insane when in reality, he is sane thorough the duration of the play, tricking the other characters into giving up their darkest secrets.
During the first act of the play, Hamlet tells Horatio “Here, as before, never, so help you mercy, how strange or odd soe'er I bear myself (As I perchance hereafter shall think meet to put an antic disposition on), that you, at such times seeing me, never ...view middle of the document...
If Hamlet can hold it together after all of that then there is no way he is crazy.
Another aspect of the play that denotes Hamlet’s sanity is in Act II, scene ii. In this act, Hamlet excogitates a plan in order to gauge Claudius’s guilt. He decides to write a play that mimics his father’s murder and see how Claudius reacts. This shows that Hamlet has a strong moral code and needs to be sure of Claudius’s guilt before he murders him. Also, Hamlet has to be sane enough to write the play, something someone who simply crazy would not be capable of. He also speaks very clearly and directly, which signifies sanity as well. Shakespeare also adds in a scene where Hamlet is telling the players how to act and giving them tips. This was not added by accident. Shakespeare deliberately wanted to let the audience know that Hamlet has acting experience, which he is calling upon now glean information by tricking the others into believing his insanity.
Another key scene in proving Hamlets sanity is Act III scene iii. In this scene Claudius has just ran out of the play into the chapel to pray and ask for forgiveness. Hamlet follows him; convinced of his guilt and ready to kill. He follows him into the chapel and they are alone, a perfect time to kill him but Hamlet does not. Hamlet is sane enough to realize that if he kills Claudius while he is praying the King will go to heaven when he belongs in hell. Hamlet decides to wait for a time when Claudius will undoubtedly go to hell. Hamlet’s thought process shows that he is in control of his wits and his moral code is again present. This scene shows that he is not rash in his actions and is capable of making well-planed decisions.
Although Hamlet seems crazy to the other characters, he was in control of his actions throughout the play. Hamlets thoughts and actions, though extreme were well thought out and well planed. Shakespeare uses diction and syntax to show that Hamlet is tricking the others in order to gauge his uncle guilt and make the most logical decision. Although Hamlet seems like the paragon of insanity, Shakespeare leaves the audience clues of his sanity, proving that Hamlet is fully cognizant and in control of himself through the entire play.