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Hammurabi's Law: First Code Of Written Laws

1291 words - 6 pages

“ I Hammurabi am the king who is preeminent among kings; my words are choice; my ability has no equal. By the order of Shamash, the great judge of heaven and earth, may my justice prevail in the land;...” (Hammurabi)(Haberman, A., & Hundey, I. (Eds.). (1994). 16. In Civilizations: A cultural atlas. Agincourt, Ont.: Gage Educational Pub.)

Hammurabi, the Babylonian king 3700 years ago, set down the very first code of written laws; Hammurabi’s code of law was one of very first set of written laws that he wanted everyone to follow. It did not matter if you were rich or poor; if you had violated the law, you were to be punished. The laws that Hammurabi created were not just for criminal ...view middle of the document...

Hammurabi wanted to keep all the territories together as a whole, so in order to do that he had to create the laws. With the laws enforced he could keep the country united and make it into a more peaceful place. It made sure that there was a consistent system in place that could help maintain order and help people understand what their place are in society.

The Code of Hammurabi was one the first written laws in the entire world, in fact the term "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" is from the Hammurabi’s law. Hammurabi’s code was written on a huge stone and was placed in public for everyone to see; the stone contained 282 laws. Long before the government of Hammurabi, Mesopotamian society depended on the temple; the temple was the main point of the government where education was directed and landed estates were administered. The temples served as the most important buildings in Mesopotamia, it had control over money and many other things, they were often used as a place to sacrifice and other offerings to their beliefs. Temples would often be surrounded by the city as in the temple would be in the middle and every other house would be around it. The temple would also act like a storehouse where members of the family would come in and share receipts; the temple acted like an archive. The temple was the only building that they would describe as a law or justice system. Hammurabi actually tried to connect everyone together by writing the laws on a stone monument where everyone can see. It was almost like another temple, by placing the stone in the city, everyone could have seen the monument and recognize the law that was created.

As Hammurabi’s country started to expand; spanning up to 50 square miles of territory, Hammurabi wanted to keep control over the country and enforce order and peace. In order for him to maintain peace and order, Hammurabi had to create a universal set of law for all the people and land he had conquered. Hammurabi states that "to make justice visible in the land, to destroy the wicked person and the evil-doer, that the strong might not injure the weak." (Hammurabi) Hammurabi's Code: An Eye for an Eye. (n.d.). Ushistory.org. Retrieved from http://www.ushistory.org/civ/4c.asp to show that he wanted everyone in his country that he conquered to feel safe and protected. Hammurabi felt that he should create laws to maintain peace, so he sent out legal experts throughout his empire to gather all laws that were made by the previous kings. These laws help establish stability and kept the society going, before Hammurabi’s code of law, people were fighting over land and resources, but when Hammurabi’s...

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