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Han Dynasty         During The 426 Year Span Of The Han Dynasty

885 words - 4 pages

Han Dynasty During the 426-year span of the Han dynasty a number of things change in China. One of the major changes that took place was the area of China. They expanded the country to almost the same size as it is today (Harvey J. Feldman). Confucianism grew to be very popular and grew to be the official state religion system. There were rapidly growing studies such as agriculture, arts, and literature; as well as the population. There were many different rulers in the long span of the Han dynasty. Some were strong and powerful, others were weak and had failed. As the previous dynasty to the Han, the Qin dynasty began to fall, Liu Pang to head of a small army of soldiers and eventually began to conquer small territories once belonging to the Qin dynasty. His armies began to grow and more victories followed. In 206 BC, Liu named himself the king of Han, one of the states within the Qin Empire. By 202 BC the last rulers of Qin were dead, and Liu had conquered all his rivals; he declared himself emperor and adopted the title, Gaozu. The economy had bettered, Gaozu had harsh laws were abolished, taxes were lowered. Gaozu ruled until his death in 195 BC. Following his death, his rule was passed to his heirs, the most famous of those being Wu Di who ruled from 141 BC 87 BC. Since the beginning of his reign, Wu Di was set on expanding his empire. He ran into some troubles in doing so. For quite some time, there had been a local tribe of warriors invading the northwest. Wu Di sent several missions against them. He joined with parts of Asia to finally bring down the tribe, know as Xiongnu. Now with the northwest front secured under his control, he began to expand into territories of what is now known as Korea. He later added areas south of the Yangtze River and parts in present day Vietnam. During Wu Di's rule, came the Silk Road, around 100 BC. The Silk Road was a 4000-mile long trade route, named for the silk that was transported on it, which linked Rome with the then capitol of China, Chang'an. This road allowed china to now trade with states in Europe and near the eastern Mediterranean. At the time of Wu Di's death in 87 BC, it has said to be compared in size to that of the futures Roman Empire. Wu Di's successors tried to maintain his empire, and did for a short period of...

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