Managing Organizational Change Essay

1065 words - 4 pages

In this dynamic business environment, change is inevitable. Changes can be planned, or unintentional: depending on the driving forces behind. The major forces for change can be derived from the nature of the workforce, technology, economic shocks, competition, social trends, and world politics (Robbins & Judge, 2011). In this post the author will explain the Kotter’s eight –step approaches to managing organizational change and discuss how his company handles the planned changes in term of organization reconstruction.

When changes are inevitable, the leaders usually design some adequate steps to make the change go smooth, effective and permanently. Kurt Lewin argued that successful change in organizations should follow three steps: unfreezing the status quo, movement to a desired end state, and refreezing the new change to make it permanent (Robbins & Judge, 2011, cited in Lewin, 1951). John Kotter further expanded the Lewin’s model to include an eight-step plan for implementing change. The eight stages are: 1) establishing a sense of urgency 2) creating a guiding coalition 3) developing a vision and strategy 4) communicating the change vision 5) empowering broad-based action 6) generating short-term wins 7) consolidating gains and producing more change and 8) institutionalizing new approaches in the culture (Kotter, 1996). Kotter asserted that many changes failed because some steps were ignored, such as missing the creation of a sense of urgency, vision, or coalition. Using Kotter approaches, let’s analyze a recent change happened in Science Application International Corporation (SAIC), the company the author is working for.

SAIC provides scientific, engineering, systems integration and technical services and solutions primarily to the U.S. government, with specific emphasis on all branches of the U.S. military, the Department of Defense (DoD), the intelligence community, and the Department of Homeland Security (DoHS). Recent economic recession and federal budget cut has significantly impacted SAIC’s core business and affected its revenue and growth. Its stock price fell 25% since last September because the shareholders were disappointed with the operation and worried about the future revenue growth and earning. The SAIC management realized that the market has changed; the company’s strategy and focus have to change accordingly. The leadership established a sense of urgency by creating a compelling reason for why changes are needed (stage 1). In July 2009, the board of directors hired a new CEO, Walt Havenstein, to carry out the change process. In the summer of 2010, Hevenstein (the change agent), made a strategy-based change in the corporate leadership structure and personnel (Stage 2). The new strategies had been formulated: to provide mission-oriented solutions for national security, energy, health and other major enterprises serving critical infrastructure needs. The company planned to shift its customer based structure to market...

Find Another Essay On Managing Organizational Change

Managing Organizational Culture for Change Essay

692 words - 3 pages 1) Culture at CMC:Organizational Culture is defined as a pattern of shared basic assumptions that the group learned as it solved its problems of external adaptation and internal integration, that has worked well enough to be considered valid and, therefore, to be taught to every members coming in the organization. In other words, it refers...

Organizational Culture Essay

2375 words - 10 pages Introduction The concept of organizational cultures was first raised in 1970s, and soon became a fashionable topic. Organizational culture is the shared beliefs, values and behaviours of the group. Theorists of organizations believe that organizational culture represents the pattern of behaviours, values, and beliefs of an organization. Hence, studies around organizational culture have been seen as great helpful and essential for understanding...

Organizational Behavior

808 words - 3 pages There are several important terminologies and concepts related to organizational behavior for managers to gain an understanding and to benefit the workplace. These concepts and terms include organizational behavior and culture, diversity, communication, business ethics, and change management.Organizational behavior is the observation of a single person or a group in an organization. In organizational behavior understanding individuals...

NASA's Incompetence: The Challenger and Columbia Shuttle Disasters

1538 words - 6 pages On an unusually cool Florida morning in January 1986, the space shuttle Challenger exploded 50,000 feet above ground just moments after liftoff killing seven crew members onboard (Palmer, Dunford, and Akin, 2009). A presidential commission, dubbed “the Rogers Commission” (hereafter, the Commission) after former Secretary of State William Rogers, was appointed to investigate the cause of the disaster. Although mechanical failure of an O-ring seal...

Importance of Organizational Behavior

1003 words - 4 pages Importance of Organizational Behavior Organizational Behavior The environment of business is always changing. With increases in workload and responsibilities, managers have found that their importance in the work environment has also increased. In order to help managers and supervisors learn more about the complexity of the new workforce many different areas of study have been developed. One area of study that has increased in...

Compare and Contrast Brick-and-Mortar Versus Virtual Organizations

1793 words - 7 pages The Information Age has ushered in a whole new competitive virtual marketplace for traditional brick-and-mortar organizations to compete with in the tough competitive global markets of the 21st century economy. The ability of virtual organizations to easily advertise and market their products through the internet and social medias have created a potentially limitless clientele through the utilization of a mass mediated approach that has...

Organizational Change in todays business environment

3142 words - 13 pages INTRODUCTIONOrganizational change is a concept that regularly occurs due to the nature of today's business environment. (McNamara, 2007) It is common in business communications, strategy, management and leadership. (McNamara, 2007) Change occurs when an organization revolutionizes parts or its entire strategy and/or wants to change the way it operates. (McNamara, 2007) Thus, it involves the realigning of organizational processes and...

Organizational Behavior

1027 words - 4 pages Organizational Behavior Organizational behavior: Organizational behavior refers to the attitudes and behavior of the individuals in the organization. Organizational behavior is a inter-disciplinary field of study that draws from many of the behavioral sciences. The goal of organizational behavior is to apply the concepts from the other behavioral sciences to pressing problems that management may be facing, as well as applying...

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

1529 words - 6 pages Organizational Behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations (Clark, D. 2000). There are many terminologies and concepts used in the study of organizational behavior. This paper examines how these terminologies and concepts help define the many aspects of organizational behaviors. Some of the terminologies and concepts described include: organizational behavior, organizational...

Critically analyze the role of senior managers as barriers to organizational change and explore how this can be addressed

2948 words - 12 pages Critically analyze the role of senior managers as barriers to organizational change and explore how this can be addressed.The purpose of this essay is to critically address the role of senior managers as barriers to organizational change and explore how this can be deal with. In the first part of the essay the organizational change, organizational behavior and

Researching the Changes in Employee Perception During Organizational Change

2022 words - 8 pages INTRODUCTION An organizational change disturbs the structure of organizational life in terms of interpersonal relationships, reporting lines, group boundaries, employee and work unit status. (Paulsen et al., 2005; Terry and Jimmieson, 2003). Although change is implemented for positive purposes (like to adapt the changing environmental conditions and to remain competitive as well), its is observed that employees often respond negatively toward...

Similar Essays

Managing Organizational Change Essay

3310 words - 13 pages Managing Organizational Change{Insert Date}Managing Organizational Change09/03/2002 2AbstractAs the Greek philosopher Heraclitus (525 - 475BC) pointed out: change alone is unchanging. Nowhere is this more true than in corporate North America.Globalization; quantum leaps in technology; mergers and acquisitions; shiftingmarkets and client demands; and, significant changes in the workforce makechanging to survive a strategic imperative....

Managing Organizational Change Essay

2320 words - 9 pages Overview Throughout the history of organizational literature, many scholars have suggested that change initiatives need to originate at the leadership level in order to be successful (Bennis, 1999). However history has shown that the majority of change initiatives fail, especially when mandated by top management (King & Peterson, 2007). This paper will examine why this dichotomy exists, what the role of top management should be in a change...

Managing Organizational Change Essay

1015 words - 4 pages In a company in which the organization is failing, it is imperative to bring in fresh, new management ideas and a clear vision of how to properly manage to turn the organization around. One of the biggest problems within our twenty first century is the technology that is available for all companies. It is hard to keep up with all the developments and upgrades daily. "If it weren't for change, a manager's job would be relatively easy. Planning...

Managing Resistance To Organizational Change Essay

1962 words - 8 pages In the course of considering and implementing change, the need frequently arises for effective application of the approaches and tools for managing resistance to change (Palmer, Dunford, & Akin, 2009). Change often fails from ineffective management of the internal and external forces of resistance opposing change (Kotter & Schlesinger, 2008; Oreg, 2003; Palmer et al., 2009). In response, this paper discusses the approaches (tools) deemed most...