There are currently 6.5 million handloom weavers in India. The presence of this enormous workforce, second only in size to that of agriculture, points to the continued importance of the sector to Indian society, despite the pressures of modernization and globalization. With low import level and additional 4.8 million power loom weavers spread throughout the country, Indian cotton cultivation and yarn spinning have both by necessity grown to be large industries. This shows the demand and requirement of cotton yarn in Indian market.
Production of fine and superfine counts (40s and above) has increased. 11 - 40s count group represents 71% and hence greater efforts are required in this category. The use of cotton and synthetic fibre blends will increase as it rose to 13% in recent years. MCU5, MCU 5 VT, Surabhi, Suvin, DCH 32 are useful for blending. But fibre maturity requires attention. Good fibre strength and extensibility are important for blending to get good yarn properties. Trash content in Indian cotton has declined significantly in recent times.
Textile industry has been demanding for quality cotton suitable for the recent spinning systems which were developed to achieve higher production rates, productivity and automation for cost reduction of yarn production.
Open end (OE) spinning systems - Rotor spinning, Friction or DREF spinning and airjet spinning which ensure high rate of production and large size of yarn and package are coming into existence. Ring spinning for all counts with wide adaptability, rotor (upto 24s), DREF (upto 30-45s coarse counts) and airjet for finer counts (50s and above) and also for man-made fibres and blends including combed cotton, have increased. For the new systems, high fibre strength and fineness are now more important. Often raw material economy in mill is achieved by mixing few varieties to spin the required count. Sometimes mills also...