This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hapiness And Utilitarianism In Mill´S Essay

689 words - 3 pages

In Mill’s essay on utilitarianism, Mill observes that a great amount of people misunderstand utilitarianism by having utility and pleasure together in the same idea and concept. In fact, Mill says utility is described as a pleasure and an absence of pain. Mill observes the relation to utilities and happiness and decides that utility could be seen as the Greatest Happiness Principle. This principle holds that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure." Pleasure and the absence of pain are the only things that people wish to gain and keep. Therefore, events and situations are only desirable if they are a source for pleasures it is a source for happiness; these actions towards events are only good when they lead towards a higher level of happiness, and bad when they decrease that level. ...view middle of the document...

Mill distinguishes the differences between higher and lower quality pleasures. A pleasure of higher quality is once where a person would choose this path over another pleasurable path even if this one provides some discomfort. Mill argues that it is unarguable that if given access to all kinds of pleasures, people would rather choose the pleasures that appeal to their "higher" faculties. For example, a person will not choose to become an animal, and an educated person will choose to not be ignorant, and so on. Although people approach pleasures that appeal to their higher facilities, and although sometimes these high pleasures come with a sort of discomfort, people will not trade this higher pleasure with a lower one. There are certain implications that governments will look at when trying to make choices in regard to social welfare programs and infrastructure improvements. These governments want to make sure that a majority of the people are being benefited and there isn't a minority that is only being benefited by the decision, i.e. if the government wants to expand a highway and they want to tax the city to make this improvement, they will figure out if more people will be benefited from the than people being not benefited from this. If the choice of the government brings more pleasure and less unhappiness to the general population, then this increases the popularity of the choice within the government. With all this utilitarian thinking, there are certain strengths and weaknesses that come with this type of thinking. Morally, utilitarianism is the best way to think when looking whether or not something is beneficial to a persons moral being, i.e. if your friend was dying in your car, you would run a stop sign to get him to the hospital in time so that he could be healed and cured. Another strength is that utilitarianism focuses on keeping the majority of the population happy, which in return will show a good economy. Weaknesses of utilitarianism is that sometimes the sake of something being moral or not can lead to breaking a law, as with what I stated with the example of you running a stop sign. Although you can save your friends’ life, it is illegal to run that stop sign. Also, if one was to base everything off of utilitarianism, selfishness could sneak into some decisions regarding that persons pleasure.

Find Another Essay On Hapiness and Utilitarianism in Mill´s Essay

How successful was J.S. Mill in overcoming the problems associated with Bentham's Utilitarianism?

1120 words - 4 pages How successful was J.S. Mill in overcoming the problems associated with Bentham's Utilitarianism?"The greatest good for the greatest number" is a simple way to sum up a fairly simple idea. But despite its simplicity it still has lots of problems; in this essay I will be looking at how John Stuart Mill tries to overcome these problems.In 1789 utilitarianism was born, the brainchild of Jeremy Bentham. Bentham was a hedonist or someone who is

Utilitarianism is usually connected with the specific doctrines of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill

1665 words - 7 pages on utilitarianism share fundamental similarities with those of Bentham, and also demonstrate a digression from Bentham's earlier perspectives to the further developed and more persuasive arguments characterised by Mill's Utilitarianism.A point of similarity can be drawn between the doctrines of Bentham and Mill in that both philosophers maintain the existence of external sanctions of morality . Bentham contends that our actions are influenced by

John Stuart Mill and The Influence of Utilitarianism on Hard Times

1876 words - 8 pages thought to be a correlation to his own mother and her gender role due to the patriarchal society that dominated England in the 1800’s. Mill profoundly made his impact on society with his System of Logic. This work re-vamped the monotonous study of logic while carefully reflecting on the philosophies of both science and social science. There are countless works by Mill that demonstrate the average problems with society occurring around the mid

Industrialization and Utilitarianism in Dickens' Hard Times

1649 words - 7 pages Industrialization and Utilitarianism in Dickens' Hard Times     Charles Dickens uses his fictitious town in Hard Times to represent the industrialization of England at that time or close to it. Most of this representation, however, isn't accurately described compared the way things really were during industrialization. It is important to remember throughout this paper that not only is Hard Times a work of fiction, it was meant to be

Explain the Main difference between Act and Rule Utilitarianism (it can also be used to explain the main difference between Bentham and Mill)

2697 words - 11 pages John Stuart Mill have become recognised as the two greatest sponsors of Utilitarianism. Bentham is known for his popularisation of the more traditional version of the theory, know as Act Utilitarianism. Although a student of Bentham, Mill could see problems in what he was being taught and so began to develop his own views on Utilitarianism, which are now known as Rule Utilitarianism.Bentham was a great traditionalist believer in the expression

An Examination of Deontology and Utilitarianism in Deeply Moral Situations

1305 words - 5 pages (634), and utilitarianism, supported by John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873) in his essay, Utilitarianism (667). Deontology and utilitarianism are contrasting theories. The former focuses on the intrinsic moral worth of our actions, whereas the latter argues that the consequences of our actions determine their moral value. Nevertheless, both perspectives substantiate Mill's claim that "our moral faculty.is a branch of our reason, not of our sensitive

Mill and Friedman: Different Only in Their Details

1971 words - 8 pages Political theorists build their ideas upon past theories. Jon Stuart Mill learned from Jeremy Bentham, the father of utilitarianism. Even though regarded highly revolutionary at the time, Mill derived his ideas from utilitarianism thinking. Milton Friedman, one of more prominent neo-liberalism thinkers, was no different. Friedman was largely inspired by Mill and other classical liberalism thinkers when he sought to develop the idea that would

Desire in The Mill on the Floss and Jane Eyre

1871 words - 7 pages In this paper I would like to explore the issue of desire and how it moves the plot of two works from nineteenth century Victorian Literature by George Elliot and Charlotte Bronte called The Mill on the Floss and Jane Eyre. The ideal of desire offers conflicts in both novels. In The Mill on the Floss, Mr. Tulliver's desire to maintain equality and dignity in a world of black and white economic castes presents the Tulliver family with trial after

Culture in the 1960’s Essay

815 words - 4 pages In this essay I will talk about the music in the 60's, noteworthy that in some cases I will compare some situations with the Latino-American situation, I know is has nothing to do with the topic, but who is the guy who is writing in this sheet of paper? ME, Is my essay and I will write what I want (This is an example of Freedom Of Expression, we will see it more on that later) Music of the sixties will reflect the style of the past decade made

Certainty and Memory in Stephen Jay Gould´s Essay: Some Encounters of a Mental Mind

1019 words - 5 pages In Stephen Jay Gould’s essay, “Some close encounters of a mental kind,” Gould discussed about how certainty can be both blessing and dangerous. According to Gould, certainty can be blessing because it can provide warmth, comfort and secure. However, it can also be a danger because it can trick our mind with false information of what we see and remember in our mind. Gould also talked about the three levels of possible error in direct visual

The Differences in John Stuart Mills and Jeremy Bentham's Versions of Utilitarianism

2653 words - 11 pages ". This is the main idea of the system of thought and it is from this the beliefs and opinions of John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873), Jeremy Bentham (1748 - 1832) and other early utilitarians were developed. Jeremy Bentham, a friend of J. S. Mill's father and the mentor of J. S. Mill, is usually considered the founder of British utilitarianism. J. S. Mill adapted Bentham's ideas and philosophies to meet the criticism utilitarianism encountered in Victorian

Similar Essays

Utilitarianism And Morality In John Stuart Mill´S Essay

1190 words - 5 pages utility, which is also referred to as the “greatest happiness principle.” Mill makes it clear that utilitarianism has had great impact in shaping a moral basis of principles. From top to bottom, John Stuart Mill put forth an incredible essay depicting the various unknown complexities of morality. He has a remarkable understanding and appreciation of utilitarianism and throughout the essay the audience can grasp a clearer understanding of

John Stuart Mill And Utilitarianism Essay

1586 words - 7 pages the whether it brings general happiness. Lastly, Mill’s utilitarianism also creates many loopholes in getting about actions that may be deemed generally immoral simply because they may offer a greater good. Mill sees utilitarianism as a great means to judge right and wrong because it incorporates some human feelings and opinions on morals. Most people already believe that promoting happiness in society is a good thing. Therefore, it would be

Kant Vs. Mill: Human Rights And Utilitarianism

2106 words - 8 pages characteristics emerge in Mill’s definition of rights, and how they are related to utilitarianism. First, rights are inseparably bound to justice, and second, justice is superior to law but in turn subordinate to utility, which remains the supreme measure of morality. According to Mill, failure to practice beneficence may be immoral but since it is not the failure to fulfill a duty, and leaves no rights unsatisfied, there is no injustice that has been

Kantianism And Utilitarianism In A Company´S Lay Off Procedure

1518 words - 6 pages other digital media (Encyclopaedia Britannica 2014). This makes the case of HP’s cloud system leading to unemployment as one of the sample cases of companies trimming down staff due to information systems. While some agree and others disagree on the question posed above, this question can actually be viewed from two different angles, based on ethical theories, namely in the Kantianism way and the Act Utilitarianism way.Kantianism and Act