This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Happiness As The Ultimate End Of Human Action

1614 words - 6 pages

I believe there are two types of people in this world: Those who are happy. And those who genuinely believe that after purchasing a new luxury car they can “Be Happy.”. While the latter may find their new addition quite valuable, the former finds their self-fulfillment through a process of more sharpened quality. Those who choose to obtain the “good life” through the acquisition of goods and services are said to be misled regarding the true meaning of happiness. This false interpretation of self-satisfaction is what many of us strive for today. We want an immediate ‘feel good’ fix, which we often tend to pay for later. We use pleasure, wealth, and honor as a means to identify those who are the happiest (Stumpf and Feiser 84).
Greek Philosopher, Aristotle analyzed a fundamentally different nature of happiness. Every human action must have an end; an ultimate, self-sufficient end. He believed that happiness exclusively stands as the furthest end of all human action. This sort of happiness, however, differs from our perceived conception of happiness today. In this context, happiness is another word for good. True happiness is found within the soul by aiming to implement the most virtuous solution possible, in all situations (84). It will further be explained how this rendition of happiness is obtained and why it is the highest end that can be achieved through human action.
As humans, we have an innate desire for pleasure in all forms. Whether it is money, food, or sex, this Appetite is the largest and most irrational part of the soul. It will do anything and everything it can to get not only what it wants, but what it needs. It begins as an instrumental desire where we only want it for what it can bring us. However, it quickly becomes intrinsic in which we want it only for the sake of itself. This, in other words, is known as addiction. We need it; so much of it that if we don’t get it, things go wrong. Differing from this edacious part of the soul is our Spirit. It is the most volatile part of the soul. The Spirit is where one gets their love and need for honor and victory. It is the part that gets revved up and, at the drop of a hat, will change rapidly if conditions are conducive. However, like the Appetite, the Spirit needs some sort of outer guidance and direction in order to achieve its goals (Lorenz).
This conductor-like, third part of the soul is known as Reason. Its job is to determine what the prominent objective of the soul is and to guide, govern, and discipline everything else towards that goal. It asks the question, “How should I do that?” or “Should I stop that?” Just as the Appetite and Spirit have passion, Reason too has the ambition to fulfill its ardent desires. This indicates that all parts of the soul are passionate. And if someone happens to have soul whose pertinent passion is Right Reasoning, they are said to have virtue (Ross).
This idea is best illustrated in Plato’s Allegory o’ Chariot, which...

Find Another Essay On Happiness as the Ultimate End of Human Action

The Human Function as It Pertains to Happiness

1332 words - 6 pages The Human Function as it Pertains to Happiness Humans have a function, according to Aristotle, and so it would follow that fulfilling that function makes us happy. Before we can establish that fulfilment of purpose results in happiness, we must first establish what the human function actually is, and also what constitutes good and happiness for humans. Aristotle’s arguments for happiness and human purpose help to provide answers to these

Political Life and Man’s Ultimate End: Reading the De Regno of St. Thomas Aquinas

1476 words - 6 pages principle for man is nothing other than reason. While this directive principle of reason is good for man, it is not sufficient for attaining his end: “if man were intended to live alone, as many animals do, he would require no other guide to his end, but each man would be a king unto himself, under God, the highest King, inasmuch as he would direct himself in his acts by the light of reason given to him from on high.” It is the case that man

Sameness, the End of the Human Race

1358 words - 6 pages , please, do not ask us this question,” instead they would say, “of course we do.” If they did not answer in a similar way, they would break the child’s heart; as seen with Jonas in this quotation. “‘What do you mean?’ Jonas asked. Amusement was not at all what he had anticipated” (127). It is never the case in which a child asks his parents if they love him and in return they lecture him about proper speech. This is the outcome of a community without

The Good, the Happiness of a Human Being

972 words - 4 pages By the end of Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle has taken us on a journey to find the ultimate good, the ultimate happiness. He has held throughout Nicomachean Ethics that the ultimate good must fit three criteria; it must be complete, self-sufficient and the fully human. Aristotle arrives at what he believes may have the potential of being the ultimate good. He believes that the contemplative life fits the three conditions of the ultimate end of

The Ultimate Source of Control

1371 words - 6 pages ; as the population keeps growing, resources keep diminishing and instead of preserving or sharing the resources, they are being marketed for the highest profits. This scene refers to what Foucault calls the biopolitics of the human race which began at the end of the 18th century. He defines biopolitics as "a set of processes such as the ratio of births to deaths, the rate of reproduction, the fertility of a population" (243). Furthermore, he states

The Ultimate Goal of Hinduism

2214 words - 9 pages teachings vary and are based off of many different philosophies and holy books. Hinduism is a polytheistic religion. The religion carries a various amount of beliefs, which only some may be practiced. With the large number of teachings, holy books, and beliefs, Hinduism is seen as a way of life rather than a religion (BBC, 2009a). As mentioned above, Hinduism is a way of life rather than a religion. Hinduism is a guide to life, with an ultimate goal

Truth, freedom, love, clear perception, purity, transcendence, and enlightment. It all attains the ultimate happiness

2278 words - 9 pages is the same as spiritual feeling. Of spiritual perception. Of clear perception. Of freedom of the mind. Freedom of the soul. Freedom of the Heart. It is ultimate love and empathy. The end of struggle. Fully knowing the truth is to be enlightened. Fully realizing the truth is having transcended the distortions of the Machine (see The Machine at my web site given below). Truth means complete fulfillment and true happiness. Truth is impossible to

“But I Don’t Want to Write a Title”; An Analysis of the Use of Action to Find Happiness

1091 words - 5 pages that action directly links to happiness. In Uncle Vanya, Chekhov proves that illusions act as a barrier on the path to happiness through their ability to attach themselves to and control the host. In the play, Astrov, the family doctor, is often drunk due to the amount of alcohol he consumes (Chekhov 164). Moments before an operation, Astrov lost a patient due to typhus. Throughout the play, Astrov drinks alcohol in order to mask his feelings

The Conceptions of Happiness

1490 words - 6 pages an innate propensity for achieving happiness. Abraham Maslow outlined the stages of human motivation. According to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs the first and most basic stage is “physiological” (i.e. food, water, shelter). The second stage is “safety” (i.e. freedom of fear and pain). The third stage is “belonging” (i.e. family, friends, love). The fourth stage is “self-esteem” which entails achievement and respect. The final stage is “self

The Roots of Happiness

1551 words - 6 pages proposed equal social classes to end corruption within the government and to change the way nobleman gain their power. Figaro finds his happiness by taking action against the nobility and playing a “trick” on them. Furthermore, this symbolizes the French Revolution, showing how when people took action the entire civilization benefited. With that said, this was only the first step to happiness within the Utopia. The Marriage of Figaro also pushed

The Definition of Happiness

857 words - 4 pages know the correct way on how to pursue it? From early times, philosophers and researchers have questioned the meaning of happiness. Various researchers have studied behaviors of a person after an action to determine a person’s level of happiness. Despite all the research done, there are very little studies, which examine the true meaning of happiness. Humans invest such a large amount of time on their “pursuit of happiness,” therefore the meaning of

Similar Essays

Aristotle: The Ultimate Human End Essay

1400 words - 6 pages compromises virtue, but pleasure of the mind is more pure. Pleasure of the mind, such as that resulting from contemplation, is pure and good because it poses no threat against virtue. This kind of happiness is the ultimate human end, according to Aristotle.First, this report will demonstrate by an explanation of his findings that Aristotle's idea of the highest good is not an act, nor is it satisfaction from the accumulation of virtuous acts, but

Aristotle And The Human Good This Is An Essay On Aristotles Arguement That Happiness Is The Highest End Of Human Good. I Argue Against His Points And Give Details Why

1179 words - 5 pages this good as happiness. He claims every human action aims at some good, and the good that is chosen for its own sake rather than as means to an end is the highest good. However, he does state that we do choose some goods for something else, which in turn makes that end incomplete since "the best good is apparently something complete"(pg. 204 ll. 1097a 27). Moreover, Aristotle suggests ethics is a part of politics, which is the most authoritative and

Happiness Is The Ultimate Goal Essay

846 words - 4 pages situation occurred. Melanie’s father, who was a math professor and her inspiration to make math her life, died when she was a child. Melanie had to also sacrifice the memory of her father that was associated with math so she could carry out her dream. Doing this is not easily done and is one of the greatest extents in which people will go to reach their goals. Happiness is the ultimate goal. In the end, everyone’s dream is to be pleased with their life. People will go to great lengths to reach their goals like sacrificing their time, education, personal values, and even the memory of their families.

Railtrack As The Ultimate Failure Of Privatisation

1314 words - 5 pages Railtrack as the Ultimate Failure of Privatisation The word Privatisation has been used in a variety of contexts, ranging from returning state owned companies to the private sector, contracting out services to the private sector and liberalisation and deregulation. Although the most common definition of Privatisation is the idea that involves transferring the production of goods and services from the public sector to