Hard Working Immigrants: Cesar Chavez Essay

1454 words - 6 pages

The Farm Workers’ Movement was a political movement in the United States tried that to give fair rights to farm workers all through the country and was headed by some organizations and labor unions, especially the United Farm Workers of America. Farm Workers’ Movement was between the 70’s-80’s and their goals were to give the farm workers more rights such as giving them breaks, food, water and shelter while they work. Many immigrants who worked there, were there to support their family with food and a place to live, but they face many hardships due to the rising temperatures with no water; Lots of the workers suffered heatstroke, fainted by not drinking water and waiting long hours in order to use the restroom in the open since there were no proper bathrooms. Mexican migrants were involved in the movement and what had started this movement was that the farm workers were not getting paid a fair amount of money; they were not getting breaks, food, water, shelter or proper shade during the rising temperatures on the field. Then there came a man who also faced the same problems of working hard in the field, this man stood up for others and changed our world today.
Cesar Chavez was born on March 31, 1927 in San Luis, Arizona. His family owned a farm and store, but due to the Great Depression, they lost both the farm and store then grabbed all they owned and move to California to find work (Chavez, Ducksters). At the age of 10, he and his family became migrant farm workers. He worked part time, but as he got older, he eventually worked full time to support his family and stopped his education (Cesar Chavez). Cesar Chavez had ideas of starting strikes with other farm workers, but the only problem was that the growers can replace the strikers with new imported immigrants. As a result, he sought out the assistance of other labor unions and liberal politics across America (Chavez, Elibrary) As a labor leader, Chavez employed nonviolent means to bring attention to the plight of farm workers. He led marches, called for boycotts and went on several hunger strikes. He also brought the national awareness to the dangers of pesticides to workers' health. His dedication to his work earned him numerous friends and supporters, including Robert Kennedy and Jesse Jackson (Chavez, Biography).
The speech “Nomination Address for Governor Jerry Brown” was given on July 14, 1976 because in 1973, 10,000 farm workers walked off the grape fields to strike over a contract disagreement. Strikers were arrested, beaten, and killed (Cesar Chavez Labor). Cesar Chavez stopped the strike and called for a boycott of table grapes. 17 million Americans refused to buy grapes. The result was the 1975 Agricultural Labor Relations Act, supported by California Governor Jerry Brown. It protected the right of farm workers to unionize and boycott, and guaranteed secret ballots in farm workers' union elections (Chavez, Latino). The audiences were Hispanic, Latino, Mexicans, and people who...

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