Many people of different races and ethnicities have migrated and are still migrating to the United States of America with hopes of finding better opportunities and achieving their American Dream for their families. Majority of them are Asians from developing countries such as Korea, China, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, and more. Unfortunately, they all had their own share of struggles especially in attaining acceptance from the American society. This research project will focus on the hardships that both the Filipinos and Filipino-Americans have experienced in the USA by discussing the following: first, the distinction between Filipinos and Filipino-Americans, second, the different obstacles that the Filipinos and Filipino-Americans faced during each of the four waves of the Filipino immigrants, third, example of experiences of a Filipino native immigrant and a Filipino-American, and lastly, how Filipino Americans of today are.
To start with, Filipinos and Filipino-Americans have their commonalities but they also have differences. They both have the same roots, Filipino. Their distinction is that a Filipino is a native of the Philippines which is born and raised there while a Filipino-American is a citizen of the United States by birth or naturalization which has a Filipino ancestry. The first Filipino immigrants who lived in America permanently are called the 1st generation Filipino-Americans. In the article “Filipino Americans” (1998), Marina Claudio-Perez states that “The child of a Filipino immigrant is referred to as second-generation Filipino American” (par. 1). Claudio-Perez continues and says, “Filipino Americans are often shortened into Pinoy. Some Filipinos believe that the term Pinoy was coined by the early Filipinos who came to the United States to distinguish themselves from Filipinos living in the Philippines. Others are saying it implies not just being a Filipino by birth but also connotes being a Filipino in his thought, deed, and spirit” (par. 2).
To continue, there are four waves of Filipino immigration to the United States. In the book Filipinos: Forgotten Asian Americans (1983), Fred Cordova says that the 1st wave of Filipino immigrants came to the US within the year range of 1587 or 1763 up to 1902, the 2nd wave immigrated within the years 1903 to 1934, the 3rd wave immigrated within the years 1945 to 1965, and the 4th wave immigrated from the year 1965 and are still immigrating until now.
The 1st wave of Filipino immigrants (1587/1763-1902) who migrated to the United States were referred to as the “Manilamen”. According to Cordova, these “Manilamen” are Filipinos who jumped from the ship that was used in the Spanish Galleon Trade to be able to escape from the Spanish brutalities and live freely in America. In the article “Filipino American History”, Mel Orpilla says that “…the first recorded presence of Filipinos in the continental United States occurred on October 18, 1587, when some “Luzones Indios” came ashore from a...