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The Harlem Renaissance Essay

1940 words - 8 pages

Occurring in the 1920’s and into the 1930’s, the Harlem Renaissance was an important movement for African-Americans all across America. This movement allowed the black culture to be heard and accepted by white citizens. The movement was expressed through art, music, and literature. These things were also the most known, and remembered things of the renaissance. Also this movement, because of some very strong, moving and inspiring people changed political views for African-Americans. Compared to before, The Harlem Renaissance had major effects on America during and after its time.
After the end of the civil war African Americans had more opportunity and freedom since the men were soldiers of the civil war. Most African Americans had the plan to leave the south and move to up north because of the racism still lingering in the south, for example the Plessy vs. Ferguson Supreme Court case. This case was about a light-skin colored man sitting in the “white” car of a train. Although he was light-skin he was still considered black and got arrested for sitting in that section of the train. This was an opportunity to express racial equality, but the end result was devastating. The Supreme Court declared that segregation of race was to be still constitutionally acceptable. Also economic status in the south was getting lower and there was not as much labor due to destroyed crops.
Before African Americans moved to this area, Harlem was “designed specifically for white workers who wanted to commute into the city” (BIO Classroom). Due to the rapid growth of white people moving there and the developers not having enough transportation to support those people to go back and forth between downtown to work and home most of the residents left. This forced the developers to lower their prices and also sell the properties they owned. In turn the developers sold their properties to black tenants and real estate agents.
The new African American developers renovated and redesigned the area which attracted other African Americans especially since the change of the Metropolitan area pushed them out and also making them want to leave. During the 1900’s the population of African Americans in Harlem doubled plus many well-known and brightest black entrepreneurs, intellectuals and artists moved there as well. Eventually the city was known as the capital of black America and also known as “The Black Mecca.”
In the Early 1900’s the African Americans who were working and living in middle class began speaking out for a revolutionized political agenda that would push for equality between races. One of the most famous civil right activists that lead the movement was W.E.B Du Bois. Du Bois was a Harvard scholar and a sociologist. He collaborated with other African American activists and even some white workers who also wanted civil rights. After meeting in New York and discussing with other black people in the city, the activists formed and found the group National...

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