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Harriet Tubman And Underground Railroad Essay

1892 words - 8 pages

"Oppressed slaves should flee and take Liberty Line to freedom." The Underground Railroad began in the 1780s while Harriet Tubman was born six decades later in antebellum America. The Underground Railroad was successful in its quest to free slaves; it even made the South pass two acts in a vain attempt to stop its tracks. Then, Harriet Tubman, an African-American with an incredulous conviction to lead her people to the light, joins the Underground Railroad’s cause becoming one of the leading conductors in the railroad. The Underground Railroad and Harriet Tubman aided in bringing down slavery and together, they put the wood in the fires leading up to the Civil War. The greatest causes of the Civil War were the Underground Railroad Harriet Tubman due conflict and mistrust over slavery they created between the North and South.
In the 1780s, the Quaker formed what is now known as the Underground Railroad or Liberty Line. The Liberty Line was a vast network of anti-slavery Northerners. It was comprised of free African-Americans and Caucasians in favor of abolition. The escapees (mostly upper South slaves whom were young males without families) traveled at night while using the North Star for guidance. Generally, the runaway slaves were on the lookout for farms where they could receive help or vigilance committees where anti-slavery towns and sympathetic free blacks could hide them. Whenever an opportunity came up, a conductor would meet the runaways to help them to Canada. They often used lake ports as terminals to safely and quickly transport slaves to Canada. The Underground Railroad was highly successful; it had lent a hand to some 60,000 slaves. As Henry David Thoreau said, “The only free road, the Underground Railroad, is owned and managed by the Vigilant Committee. They have tunneled under the whole breadth of the land.”
The effect the Underground Railroad had on the South and North. Farmers in the South depended on slaves to be able to keep their plantations and their way of life. Cotton farming was basically the economy of the South, and it was not an easy crop to manage and without a proper work force to back it up it would falter; thus, destroying the South. Slaves were the work force behind the enormous cotton plantations making them the most important property a farmer in the South owned, and they were being stolen forming a distrust of the North in the South. The Underground Railroad was wiping out the Southerners by indirectly destroying their economic structure by taking away a farmer’s ability to manage huge cotton plantations though using slave labor. With a slowly decaying economy, peoples’ lives become worse, and they can not care for themselves properly nor feed and clothe themselves; this can be seen in the South. When the South looks for the source of all their problems, it all comes back to the Underground Railroad, and the Northerners working in it which causes the South to create its own animosity towards Northerners....

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