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Has America Really Changed Since The Civil Rights Movement?

1060 words - 5 pages

For as long as I could remember, African Americans have succumbed to some of the cruelest treatment seen in America’s history. This mistreatment has taken on many forms particularly in respect to social and racial discrimination. Examples of prior struggles for equality of African Americans in America may include: the pursuit of their freedom and equal treatment that was attributed by slavery, attaining voting rights, and being able to secure a job that would not discriminate based solely on their skin color. A number of Key figures were instrumental in making American what it is today and here are just to name a few: Harriet Tubman, Martin Luther King Jr., and Thurgood Marshall.
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It has been assumed that Hams son Canaan was cursed with darker skin due to his father’s sin. Some have suggested this is the reason why African American became slaves and met with such hardships such as segregation.
The integration process was able to occur because of the passing of the 14th amendment, which was brought on by the civil war. The 14th amendment was constituted after the civil war to allow slaves to have equal opportunities and treatment. Brown vs. the Board of Education challenged the constitution. The case was ultimately held at the Supreme Court level where Brown won her case. The case ended the legal segregation of public schools. A case reminiscent of this was Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. The program was to integrate nine African American High School students into an otherwise all white school. Dwight D. Eisenhower was the president during this time. Thurgood Marshall played a crucial role in supporting and gaining equality for these students. When the students first arrived at school there were U.S. national guards there in order to ensure their safety. As the time went on, the governor Faubus then had the guards step down and he implemented the protection of only the local police. Faubus changed his reasoning after Eisenhower convinced him that the guards were no longer needed. Eisenhower’s intentions were to drive the program to the ground. Despite his efforts to foil the integration procedures, the program prevailed after all.
Ernest Green, become the first African American student to graduate from Central High School. Ernest’s goal of graduating from high school, although constituted by resistance and discrimination, was able to be achieved from the inauguration of John F. Kennedy in 1960. Kennedy was a primary figure in the integration process and bringing together the different races. This is similar with the case of James Meredith, who was the first African American to graduate from the University of Mississippi with a degree in political science. While the majority of students did not receive Meredith well, however, there were a select few that accepted his presence on the campus. Meredith later mentioned in an interview that prejudices must be taught.
The repercussions of segregation and the initial failure...

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