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Hashimoto's Thyroid Disease Essay

3050 words - 13 pages

ThesisI am referring to a condition called Hashimoto's Thyroid Disease, which is a common hypothyroid disorder found among many different people and countries throughout the world. As you read through this paper, you will learn the basics about Hashimoto's Thyroid Disease, including some of the causes, the signs and symptoms, and the treatment.OutlineHashimoto's Thyroid DiseaseI. IntroductionII. Description and Historya. Thyroidb. Hashimoto's thyroiditisIII. Who is Involved/ what some risks area. Peopleb. GeneticsIV. Signs and SymptomsV. Diagnoses and TreatmentVII. ConclusionHashimoto's Thyroid DiseaseHave you been living your life trying to be as healthy as you could possibly ...view middle of the document...

The thyroid gland is positioned at the front of your neck just underneath the Adam's apple, and is commonly described as being butterfly-shaped. Figure one is an example of where the thyroid gland is located and of its unique shape.Your thyroid is part of the endocrine system which involves many glands and tissues that produce hormones. The hormones help coordinate many of your body's activities including digestion, metabolism, and reproduction. Your thyroid has an immense effect on your health (Nippoltd). The hormones produced in the thyroid "promote oxygen use in cells and regulate vital processes in every part of the body… they have a major impact on heat production, growth, use of energy and fertility" (Khalsa, 2005, p. 2). In the winter of 2005, Khalsa clearly described the thyroid as being the body's thermostat. Khalsa stated:"The thyroid produces two key hormones, thyroxin (T4) and L-triiodothyronine (T3).Iodine, used in the manufacture of these hormones, is extracted from the blood andtrapped by the thyroid, where 80% of the body's supply is stored. The thyroid producesmainly thyroxin, which in turn, is converted into T3, the more active form. About 20% ofT3 is formed in the thyroid gland. The majority is manufactured from circulating thyroxinin tissues outside the thyroid."This process of the iodine being trapped and hormone production is regulated by a thyroid stimulating hormone which is secreted by the pituitary gland. If there is any malformation in this system of glands and hormone synthesis then production can have extensive consequences (Khalsa 12-16).This particular type of hypothyroidism was named after Hakaru Hashimoto. Hashimoto was a Japanese physician who first described this disease in 1912 (Khalsa 12-16). Hashimoto's thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which your own immune system unseemly decides to attack the proteins in the thyroid gland which causes damage to the thyroid cells. This upsets the chemical balance of different reactions in the body (Nippoltd). Figure two shows an example of what an inflamed thyroid looks like from both the inside and outside of the body. Hashimoto's disease can develop within either a few weeks or even up to a few years depending on the person who contracts it. Whichever the case, this chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland most likely results in one of the many different hypothyroid disorders. Hashimoto's disease can also be called: autoimmune thyroiditis, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, lymphadenoid goiter, and struma lymphomatosa (Khalsa 12-16).It is not quite known why the immune system begins to injure the thyroid, but one theory states that an infecting bacterium or virus with a protein similar to that of a thyroid's own protein, might initiate the response (Khalsa 12-16). It may also have been caused by a genetic flaw (Nippoltd). Throughout the course of Hashimoto's disease, the thyroid cells become inefficient at converting iodine into the thyroid hormone. This...

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