Since moving to Hawaii approximately two months ago, one might assume that this would be the perfect place to study varying environmental influences and their impacts. Hawaii is one of the most inaccessible, yet populous places within the United States. Tourism is a main reason why so many people come to the islands. Tourism is the primary source of revenue for the Hawaiian economy. Normally when one thinks of Hawaii, they think of vacation spots and tourist destinations.
One of the key elements of tourism is the quality of the environment, both natural and man-made. Tourism however, can have a negative effect on the environment due to people not caring for the environment because it ...view middle of the document...
While this may not seem like a major issue at the time, the emissions of carbon monoxide, greenhouse gases and other pollutants into the air is slowly but surely degrading our environmental quality and depleting the ozone layer.
Another negative effect of tourism is the impacts on water quality. This can occur by people either intentionally or unintentionally depositing chemicals and other waste products into natural streams and other water sources. If a water source becomes compromised, it can affect the feeding and breeding habits of local fish and other wildlife. However, not all effects of tourism are permanent. The most obvious effect of tourism is litter. Litter is a serious problem in areas with high rates of tourist traffic and natural attractions. It can have negative impacts on all aspects of the natural environment to include coastal beaches, mountains, rivers, and more. Littering reduces or eliminates the physical appeal of the environment, making it no longer attractive to tourists, as well as causing harm and even death to local wildlife.
Campers and beachcombers oftentimes will not properly discard of their trash, opting instead to either attempt to bury their trash, burn it, or even just leave it without disposing of it at all. When debris is not properly disposed of, it degrades the natural beauty and the quality of the surroundings.
Another environmental impact is caused by damage or destruction of natural vegetation and plant life. Constant trampling of natural habitats has a negative impact on vegetation, animals, and soil as well. On the beaches, the erosion has gotten so bad that sand had to be brought in to keep the beaches attractive and productive. Easily identifiable signs clearly marked paths are necessary to help reduce the impact.
Hawaii, the 50th state, consists of eight islands known as Hawaii, Maui, Lanai, Molokai, Oahu, Kauai, Niihau and Kaho' olawe. The island's majestic scenery and tropical climate, which includes lush rainforests, pristine beaches and spectacular mountain ranges, has made it a very attractive destination for tourists from a multitude of different countries. According to the Department of Business, Economics, Development and Tourism, (2009) the number of over-night tourists in 2009 was 6, 514,382 which indicates the importance of tourism to the Hawaiian economy.
Tourism puts a lot of strain on the natural resources of the state because of the continuing demand from tourists for recreation, activities, and sustainment. Hawaii State Parks Survey, (2007) showed that approximately 10.1 million people visit the state parks within a particular year. As a result increased efforts and awareness for the sustainability of their natural resources has become a major concern.
It is also pivotal that the protection and preservation of the natural environment and its resources are addressed. Environmental protection laws such as article XI, section 9 of the Constitution of the state of Hawaii...