Haydn And Mozart Essay

2701 words - 11 pages

Between the years 1782 and 1785, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote six string quartets which were dedicated to his friend and fellow composer, Joseph Haydn. These quartets, known as the "Haydn Quartets," were among Mozart's "first six masterpieces in the medium" (Keller, 64). In composing these works, Mozart was inspired by Haydn's recently published Opus 33, which is also a set of six string quartets. When Haydn wrote his Opus 33 in 1781, it was the first time he had written for the string quartet in a period of ten years. With the six pieces of Opus 33, Haydn established a style of chamber music that he described as being in "an entirely new, very special manner" (Pauly, 45). At the same time, it had also been nearly 10 years since Mozart had written for the string quartet. Mozart met Haydn in Vienna, and heard the quartets of Opus 33. He "regarded these quartets of Haydn with special reverence and was moved to write six of his own" (Crocker, 393). It is clear that Haydn had a strong influence on the composition of these works. In fact, Mozart once claimed: "I have learned from Haydn how to write quartets" (Berger, 286). Nonetheless, Mozart's unique personality and technical mastery are also apparent in these works. This paper will discuss the ways in which Mozart's "Haydn Quartets" are similar to the string quartets of Haydn.

Haydn and Mozart represent the classical style in music, which was popular during the late eighteenth century. This style placed emphasis on the use of standardized forms such as the rondo and the minuet. One of the most popular forms was the sonata, in which contrasting themes were developed through a series of variations. The classical composers were inspired by the arts of ancient Greece and Rome, and as such they sought beauty, balance and proportion in their works. The music of the period was generally commissioned by aristocrats and royals. The royalty of the time was especially interested in having small instrumental groups play at their social gatherings and official events. The music of these small groups was known as chamber music, because it was usually meant to be performed in a royal patron's private chambers (Rosenstiel, 547). In order to suit the tastes of the aristocracy, this type of music was generally light and elegant. Both Mozart and Haydn were masters of the classical style. Haydn, born 24 years before Mozart, was an innovator in the development of the style. Mozart followed Haydn's lead and went even further by becoming a true master of classical forms. Mozart's works also show a strong sense of emotion, which adds to their power.

Haydn wrote more than 80 string quartets during his long career. By the early 1770s, "the four-movement format was standardized" in Haydn's quartets (548). After an exciting first movement in sonata-allegro form, Haydn often used a minuet for the second movement. The third movement was usually a slow piece and the fourth movement was usually...

Find Another Essay On Haydn and Mozart

Classical Composers Essay

1036 words - 4 pages both honored and rich. During his 60s, he wrote six masses and two oratorios. They were so popular that orchestras and choruses were formed for the sole purpose of performing them. Haydn died in 1809 at the age of 77.Wolfgang Amadeus MozartMozart, born in 1756, was one of the most amazing child prodigies in history. When he was four, he was playing the same pieces as his sister, Maria Anna, who was five at the time. When Mozart was five, his father

Franz Haydn Essay

1834 words - 7 pages Franz Joseph Haydn Joseph Haydn is regarded as one of the greatest composers of the classical period. He is often called the father of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he founded what is known as the Viennese classical school, which consisted of himself, his friend, Wolfgang Mozart, and his pupil, Ludwig van Beethoven. During his lifetime, he produced a mind-boggling amount of music. He lived from the end of the baroque period

Franz Joseph Haydn

2393 words - 10 pages characteristics of the Classical period. I assure you that what you will find in this letter of recommendation will not be disappointing. Franz Joseph Haydn was a great composer of the Classical era. Known as the Father of Symphony and the inventor of string quartets, the examples and styles that Haydn set forth were relied upon by Mozart and Beethoven in creating their own respective masterpieces.      Born in a


1525 words - 6 pages chronologically by the musicologist Ludwig von Kochel in 1862. As an adult, Mozart became a Freemason and worked fervently and successfully to convert his father before his death, in 1787. His late opera The Magic Flute includes Masonic themes and meanings. He was in the same masonic lodge as Joseph Haydn. Mozart spent his final years in Vienna, where one of the apartments he lived in is still to be visited at Domgasse 5 behind St. Stephen's Cathedral. In

An Essential Era of Music

942 words - 4 pages had the more reserved style of the Classical era before it even began, and they influenced three of the biggest names of this era: Beethoven, Haydn, and Mozart. Johann personally met Mozart in London, and greatly influenced his concertos for piano. Meanwhile, Haydn and Beethoven were both influenced by the sonatas of Carl Bach. All three of these musicians, at some point in their life, studied in the city of Vienna, which became known as the

Mozart biography

1100 words - 4 pages both Mozart and his father wished for him, but did introduce Mozart to the influence of Haydn, whose Sturm und Drang string quartets had recently been published. The influence is clear in Mozart's six string quartets, K168-173, and in his Symphony in G minor, K183. Another trip in searchof patronage ended less happily. Along with his mother, Mozart left Salzburg in 1777, traveling through Mannheim to Paris. But in July 1778 his mother died. Nor was

Ludwig Van Beethoven and W.A. Mozart

862 words - 3 pages , Germany in 1770, into a family of musicians. Beethoven was not as much a child star as Mozart but did accomplish many things as a youth. Beethoven played for Mozart at age sixteen and Mozart said, "Keep your eyes on him; some day he will give the world something to talk about." When Beethoven was twenty-two he left Germany and went to Vienna, to study with Joseph Haydn. Beethoven had a extremely rough upbringing, with his father being an

Beethoven and Mozart: The Greatest Musicians of Their Time

862 words - 3 pages as much a child star as Mozart but did accomplish many things as a youth. Beethoven played for Mozart at age sixteen and Mozart said, "Keep your eyes on him; some day he will give the world something to talk about." When Beethoven was twenty-two he left Germany and went to Vienna, to study with Joseph Haydn. Beethoven had a extremely rough upbringing, with his father being an alcoholic and a very abusive person. Many of Beethoven's works are


939 words - 4 pages held many moments of happiness. On Sunday mornings, Haydn and two other musician friends from Vienna would show up at Mozart's residence and would play string quartets. Haydn is quoted as telling Mozart's father, "I declare to you upon my honor that I consider your son the greatest composer that I have ever heard (Kaufmann, 67)." Mozart composed many operas of which his most loved are The Marraige of Figaro, Don Giovanni, and Cosi Fan

The history and influence of Mozart

714 words - 3 pages As the Baroque period ended, a new style emerged which would introduce some of the most significant composers in history. The Classical period fell between the Baroque and the Romantic periods. Among its composers were Joseph Haydn, Ludwig van Beethoven, and most importantly Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozart is unarguably the most prominent composers of the classical period. Many of Mozart's works are widely recognized as masterpieces of the

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)

1619 words - 6 pages Weber. Soon afterwards he initiated a series of subscription concerts at which he performed his piano concertos and improvised at the keyboard. Most of Mozart's great piano concertos were written for these concerts, including those in C,K467. In these concertos Mozart brought to the genre a unity and diversity it had not had before, combining bold symphonic richness with passages of subtle delicacy. In 1758 Mozart dedicated to Haydn the six string

Similar Essays

The Keyboard Sonatas Of Haydn And Mozart

1050 words - 4 pages Adagio movement is rich in ornamentation. A written-out cadenza is designed to for the trio. The finale Prestissimo returns to sonata form in a rocking 6/8 meter which is rare with Haydn. Overall, the sonata has shown a new Haydn who was interested in experimenting and non-repetitive from his previous works. II. Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart had endless ideas for writing piano sonatas and like his other works, his sonata style has evolved

Summaries Of The Greatest Composers In M Usic (Sebastian Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Joseph Haydn, Handel, Monteverdi, Brahms)

1752 words - 7 pages composer.Beethoven had a difficult childhood due to his father's strict discipline and alcoholism. In Bonn Beethoven worked with Christian Gottlob Neefe to learn about music. Gottlob inspired Beethoven to learn about the compositions of Sebastian Bach and Mozart. In 1792, Beethoven made a journey to Vienna to study with Joseph Haydn and stayed in Vienna for the rest of his life.. In Vienna Beethoven captured the interest of the aristocracy with his powerful

Joseph Haydn. A Four Page Biography Of His Life, Music, And Accomplishments.

1171 words - 5 pages encouragement of constant approval but as conductor of the orchestra, I could make experiments, observe what produced an effect and what weakened it, and was thus in a position to improve, alter and make additions or omissions, and be as bold as I pleased. I was cut off from the world, there was no-one to confuse or torment me and I was forced to become original".In the 1780's Haydn developed a very close friendship with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozart

Joseph Haydn Essay

2713 words - 11 pages year span, the opera was performed over thirty times in Esterhaza and later in Germany and Austria over forty times. In 1783 Haydn finished the last two pieces he would write for Esterhaza, as well as the opera which Haydn personally considered his best, "Armida." It was also around that time that Haydn and Mozart became closer friends. Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart met in 1781 while at a concert of the