This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hazard Identification And Risk Assesment Essay

1535 words - 6 pages

Question 1
Project Lifecycle: key stages and its appropriate hazard studies
A safety adviser is responsible in planning and implementing safety measures in order to not only promote a safe working condition but to ensure the physical, emotional and social wellbeing of the employees and people surrounded are taken into consideration. In planning and constructing a major chemical plant involving handling hazardous materials or processes, a safety adviser is expected to be responsible in constructing a safety plan in each stage of project development and to introduce organisational safety structure to ensure maximum safety is assured during operation.
Safety studies or else referred as hazard analysis or identification should be carried out in each phase of the project lifecycle including: conceptual phase, process design phase, engineering design phase, commissioning phase and operation phase. The most practical and crucial safety studies are during the conceptual phase. In this phase, preliminary hazard analysis or Hazard Study 1 is carried out to address possible hazard that may result in the operation. This study includes reviewing the past incident history, collecting the information on chemicals used and checking the compliance of the process with legislation and guidelines proposed for the safety measures in the chemical plants. Hazard study in this phase is important in outlining the hazardous properties of materials used such as its toxicity, flammability, possible environmental hazards or tendency to cause a hazard by interaction with other process materials. The knowledge obtained from the hazard study can be used to achieve inherent safety by eliminating the use of hazardous substances or else by choosing less hazardous materials as an alternative. Hazard study in this phase influences the process outline or chemicals to be used for the operation of the plant.
Once the process selection is finalised in conceptual stage, process engineers will start developing designs to achieve the project goals. In this stage, process engineer lays out options for achieving the plant’s production target. A safety adviser then steps in to re-evaluate hazards on the basis of the outlined process design. Here, safety adviser introduces safety equipments or safety operations based on the plant’s flowrates, inventories and physical conditions of materials used. It is important as hazards can be triggered by temperature of pressure changes of the materials. The possibility of explosions, fire hazards, health exposure, environmental pollution and other physical hazards should be thoroughly looked into by the safety adviser to propose alternative solution or additional safeguards system before proceeding to the engineering design phase. Basically, additional features for safety purposes such as shut-off valves, interlocks, pressure relief systems, and alarm systems on vessels are the example of safety equipments or operations that can be added in the process...

Find Another Essay On Hazard Identification and Risk Assesment

Risk Management: Tools/Assets to Identify Potential Hazards

979 words - 4 pages occur?” 2) All participants should be aware of the following sub-steps involved with the Assess the Hazard Step 2: • Assess the probability of the event or occurrence. • Estimate the expected result or severity of an event or occurrence. • Determine the specified level of risk for a given probability and severity using the standard risk assessment matrix.(See figure 3). Assess Each Hazard on the Probability of the Event

Types of Poject Management Essay

1011 words - 5 pages Project Risk Management (PRM) is one of the properties in management that a project manager must take account into for a proper planning and help smoothing of the project. PRM contains of identification, analysis, response plan, monitoring, and controlling plan. ‘Risk’ often measured against the three basic properties such as scope, time and cost. It is better for a project to manage the risk at early stage such from conception stage until the

Essential Evaluation of Risks in Organizations

3534 words - 15 pages fundamentals of heavy materials and elements to construct the frame, through value-added exterior products that complete the building envelope, to distribution channels which service construction fit-out and building renewal. We are evaluating the risks by the following steps: risk identification, risk assessment and risk treatment CRH Plc Risk Identification Financial Risk The most important risk of financial risks is credit risk

Management's Duty to Provide Safety Systems

1408 words - 6 pages The duty of management is very important to improve and sustain effective workplace health and safety management systems. This can be done by following these precautions: - making sure that the identified hazards has been controlled - following procedures of health and safety - working together with the employees to find the best ways to develop health and safety - health and safety discussions Hazard identification Hazard identification and


1197 words - 5 pages significant psychosocial risk to worker who experience or witnesses such behaviour. The presence of bullying in the workplace can be a result of poor workplace culture supported by an environment which allows such behaviour to occur. Poor people management skills and lack of supportive leadership can also add to the stress. Ergonomic hazard is the second type of hazard in work place. Ergonomic hazard are related to humans and the environments through his

An Organizational Structure Based on Risk and Quality Fundamentals

1317 words - 6 pages 3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Following the review cited above, it is apparent that risk management cycle (hazard identification, risk assessment for prioritizing the need for response, decision for actions according to available resources, measures implementation, monitoring, feedback and identification of new hazards) dominates every business activity and consequently comprises the process that drives the organisational management and operations

Oil Refinary

1830 words - 8 pages management approach for the oil refinery. There is a requirement to demonstrate the comparative risk, which will consider several dimensions such as risk assessment for occupational, chemical, and radiological through the following steps (Health and Safety Executive, 2011): o Hazard identification o Who and how might be harmed o Dose-Response Assessment o Exposure Assessment Risk Characterization Analysis o Risk Assessment

Risk Assessment

710 words - 3 pages ” (Wideman, 2002). This process is quite time intensive and there are many different varieties dependent on the situation. For example, the US Army uses Risk Management (RM) as a tool to analyze and develop controls for hazards posed to soldiers during training exercises. This tool can be used in the business world as well as for RLM. It is a five-step comprehensive process. The first step deals with identifying the hazard. In RLM’s case, the

Risk Management Strategies

3082 words - 12 pages . Different levels of risk have different approaches and handling strategies. Critical Path at Risk According with Pinto (2013) the risk management is a four-stage process. The first step in the process is represented by the risk identification. In this step, the critical path is identified and any risk associated with it that might occur in the life of the project. Any delay in the critical path can have high impact on the final result of the

The Role of GIS and Remote Sensing in Environmental Impact Assessment

2498 words - 10 pages improve population heath. HIAs have been divided into three categories i.e. hazard surveillance, exposure surveillance and outcome surveillance. Space and location are very important in each of the HIAs as both environmental hazards and human activities put people at risk vary over space and co-location of people and environmental hazards in space and time is necessary, although not sufficient for health impacts to occur. People’s vulnerability to

Attention Material

954 words - 4 pages development of State dam safety programs that regulate most of the 79,500 dams in America. (Perke, 2014) D. Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning 1. The purpose of mitigation planning is to identify policies and actions that can be implemented over the long term to reduce risk and future losses. 2. Identify cost efficient plans, prioritize resources, build community partnerships, and align community objectives (Transition: Now that we understand risk

Similar Essays

Hazard And Risk Assessment Essay

919 words - 4 pages 6.1 Hazard and Risk Assessment A hazard is a potential damage, adverse health or harm that may effects something or someone at any conditions. Other than that, the risk may be high or low, that somebody could be harmed depending on the hazards. Risk assessment is a practice that helps to improve higher quality of the develop process and manufacturing process. It is also a step to examine the failure modes of the product in order to achieve

Ohs Ass Essay

1635 words - 7 pages spaces. Examine hazard, incident and injury reports received. Refer to OHS hazard identification checklists contained within Swinburne's various OHS procedures e.g. Manual Handling Procedure - Manual handling hazard identification checklist Refer to legislative requirements e.g. OHS Regulations 2007 and / or Work Safe guidance material. Review minutes of Health & Safety committees and team meetings. Manager 1.2 Risk assessments are

Risk Assessment Methods Essay

971 words - 4 pages description defining the term of risk (IACS, 2012). However IMO describes risk as the combination of the severity of a consequence and the frequency that an incident may occur (MSC Circ 1023 / MEPC Circ 322). The process of risk assessment requires hazard identification establishing the probability or frequency of appearance of an identified hazard and the consequences/impacts that it has (ABS, 2000). The most prevailing methods that are used for

Health And Safety In Mech. Engineering

2153 words - 9 pages instruction often lead to injuries. Hazard Management Hazard management can be defined as the identification of hazards and discovering ways to prevent them. There are steps to follow in hazard management; 1. Discover the hazard 2. Risk assessment 3. Constantly review assessment and re-evaluate if needed. Risk Assessment A risk assessment can be said to be an evaluation of things that could cause harm to the people in and around a workplace