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Historically Black Colleges And Universities Essay

2635 words - 11 pages

Through out history education has been a topic of many concerns. Historically Black Colleges and Universities were established to try and provide freed slaves education they were not able to obtain. For African Americans in the 20th century attending school was a burden. The children had to withstand long walks to get to their designated schools, being denied classes that the white students had in their schools, outdated books and hand me down classroom materials. African Americans all across the United States fought for their kids rights to get a good education, education provided to white only schools. There was a period of time schools were able to legally deny a student acceptance into their institutions based solely on the color of their skin. Many African Americans tried and majority of them got denied. Students at all levels were being denied, from Pre-K all the way up to college. After many attempts to integrate schools parents of the children being denied education just like the white kids, they realized it would be easier to just build their own schools.
Contrary to many beliefs the majority of HBCUs were not first established by African American educators. The founders were often white slave owners. With the land the federal government received they built many institutions to help improve public education. Getting an education as a former slave was not provided by the state; therefore they had to band together and teach each other to read and write. Any form of an education was a death wish. They knew that but they wanted to better their future and the future of those to come. For slaves that meant get caught and die or get lucky and manage to avoid detection and get a mediocre education. Abraham lincoln was known for helping free slaves. One of his attempt to help better the lives of slaves was an act that changed the way education would be for slaves. The act was named after the sponsor Senator Justin Morrill and signed by Lincoln in 1862. The Morrill land grant act gave the federal government land to build colleges and universities for scientist, farmers, and teachers so they were getting the education they needed. Under the act each state received 30,000 acres of federal land that could be sold. The land was given to try and improve the lives of everyday farmers and free slaves. All the money made from selling the land was geared towards the colleges. The Historically black part of the title HBCU is associated with the African Americans that were denied the opportunity to attend all white establishments. When they were denied they still seeked a form of higher education. Alcorn State University was the first land grant college instilled for black admission. The results of the first Morrill land grant act was not what Lincoln had in mind when signing the act. Therefore the second land grant act was more specific and there was not a multitude of loopholes The new act stated all institutions created under the first act had to...

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