Hdi And Hiv Aids Namibia Essay

1415 words - 6 pages

On the rest of the years (2010-2012) the situation is not different from the comparison established between 2005 and 2009. African countries having abysmal gap between them and the European countries. The European level of prevalence does not even reach the one percent while in the African countries, the HIV prevalence is rampant. It is important to note that the correlation calculation for these last three years has just kept increasing: 95% in 2010, 96% in 2011 and 98% for 2012. An utterly strong correlation between HDI and HIV. Nevertheless, let us remember that a positive correlation does not necessarily mean causality. On the top of the list regarding HDI in Africa, we find South Africa, which is also the second lowest in HIV prevalence. At the same time, in Europe, we have got Norway spearheading the list regarding HDI and, unsurprisingly also accounting for one of the lowest in HIV prevalence.

3. Correlation graph, years: 2005,2009,2010,2011 and 2012

Source: Geohive.com and worldbank.org


Source: Geohive.com and worldbank.org
The previous graph shows a scatterplot accounting for all the years in the analysis. With the Netherlands being an outlier for the year 2005, the general tendency clearly shows what previous calculations have stated. There is a negative strong correlation between the HDI and the HIV prevalence percentage. Further calculations shows that there is no correlation between the years, this means that for this dataset. The passage of time is not important to be taken in account not in HDI nor in HIV since their correlation percentages are 7% for the former and 0.006% for the latter.
Discussion
As stated before, HDI is made up three components: Health, Education and Wealth. Having this in mind it bears no surprise at all on what countries with High HDI would score very low on HIV prevalence percentages. Thus, with this small research it was found that countries with High HDI levels typically score low on the percentage of HIV prevalence.
The devastating effects of this pandemic in Namibia is not confined only to the Health sector, its repercussions go beyond and extent to the very same economic backbone of the country, the households, workspaces, and even education. As an example of how it could affect the health se have got the example of Botswana, where around 17% of its health workforce was dwindled due to AIDS related death in the period 1999 and 2005 (AVERT AVERTing HIV and AIDS, 2012).
As stated before, households can also be greatly afflicted on its foundations by AIDS, and it is usually the deprived segments the ones affected the most. Households are disbanded due to the parents or even the children dying of AIDS related complications. If the parents die, the children are usually sent to relatives for caring and nurture affecting a great deal the psyche of the children (The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2002). In short, AIDS strips deprived households from income sources kindling further impoverishment...

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