He Thirteen Reasons Why: Consquences Of The Actions We Make

1019 words - 4 pages

The events in our lives is what shapes us, but it's the choices we make that define us. For Hannah it was not just her choices that matter but those of the people around her. In the Thirteen Reasons Why, Jay Asher portrays a constant message that "Everything...affects everything" and "In the End.. everything matters." He achieves this through his of avoidance, Freud's Death Drive, Repression, and Active Reversal.

Avoidance, according to Tyson's pyschoanlytical chapter, is defined as “Staying away from people or situations that make us anxious by stirring some unconscious memory.” In Thirteen Reasons Why, Hannah, the main character, chooses to avoid Clay after 3rd party, because he served as a constant reminder of that horrible night. “But it shouldn’t have, I was there for you, Hannah. You could have reached out but you didn’t. You choose this. You had a choice and you pushed me away. I would have helped you. I wanted to help you.” (pg.217) Hannah knew that with clay she found someone who was interested in her not because of the rumors going around, but because clay choose to. Since Clay, started talking to Hannah that night she knew he would be the one to break her internal war over committing suicide. By choosing to avoid clay, Hannah plunges further and further into her own death drive.

According to Tyson’s chapter on psychoanalytic, “When suggesting that human beings have a death drive, Freud’s attempt was to account for the alarming degree of self-destructive behavior… with those who seemed bent on destroying themselves psychologically if not physically… whose constant wars and internal conflicts could be viewed as a form of suicide. When Hannah knowingly chooses to put herself in dangerous situations, like with Bryce, she is portraying all the characteristics of Freud’s Death Drive. Hannah goes to Bryce because he is the only person she hates more than herself at this point. Although Hannah never expressed her wishes to not to have sex with Bryce. It was very apparent she did not enjoy what was happening. She says, "For everyone listening, let me be clear. I did not say no or push his hand away. All I did was turn my head, clench my teeth, and fight back tears. And he saw that. He even told me to relax". (pg.134) she tells him, "I was just using you, so I could let go of me completely" Even though Hannah never said no, it is still Bryce, who is at fault. Hannah is not stable enough to place blame where it should be. Even before Hannah had told us the real reason for staying with Bryce, Clay had figured it out. “That’s not why you did it, Hannah. That’s not why you joined them. You knew it was the worst choice possible. You knew that… That’s why you did it. You wanted your world to collapse around you. You wanted everything to get as dark as possible....

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