Books are more than simple stories, they have a message to send to the reader whether it be in a direct or indirect way. Books can also tell us about the author’s life, beliefs, inner ambitions and fears; Moreover, they often project the vision writers have about their environment, reflecting their society in which they lived. Writers like F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernesto Guevara were capable, not only of portraying through their books the society in which they are immerse, but also to convey them in an exquisite social critique. Such literary pieces of art do not criticize in a direct way, nor to specific people or events. They, however, present the vision of the author’s concern with social issues of injustice and misguided or lost values.
The pursuit of money and the corruption of those who aim wealth, are main subjects of critique in books like: “The Great Gatsby” and “Motorcycle Diaries”. Both books portray different visions of the effects of money and the social condition of “wanting more than what we need”, condition that can turn a non important, a completely irrelevant object, into something important which could seem to be vital for us. For our society, money, means more than a piece of paper or metal that it is supposed to make easier the exchange of things, nowadays we do not control money, is money the one who control us. Hard cash and capitalism work by the usage of our vanity to sell us different products, telling us that what we have is not enough to be the best, implanting a need of establishing a perpetuation of our sense of superiority. The media works telling us that we need to be prettier, richer and popular to be happy, and for us to reach this three goals, we need to do whatever it takes, because is through wealth the key we think we need for having a good enjoyable life and happiness. Also they tell us we need to compare ourselves to others, dictating an impossible role model to follow, for us to be constantly trying to be better, to buy exorbitant mansions, expensive jewelry and the newest and the more expensive cars.
The way we have chosen to live, following the capitalistic ideal, has left repercussions not only in an economical term, but also in socio-cultural and psychological terms. This repercussions are what this two authors, Guevara and Fitzgerald portray in their novels, both complementing the same idea as different heads of a coin. Somehow, Guevara writes in “Motorcycle Diaries” about the consequences of the living way of those who lived in the period portray by Fitzgerald in “The Great Gatsby”.
On the one hand we have Fitzgerald with his exquisite masterpiece “The Great Gatsby”, this book portray how the elite of the United State of the 20’ lived. This period post World War I resulted in a historical time where people wanted to live more and faster, spending their money deliberately and without thinking much about it. The selfishness...