Healing of Lakota Sioux
In the aftermath of hate conflict, mass killing, genocide, tribal clashes or intractable, violent and persistent skirmishes between groups or people, there is need for the involved groups to coexist together and build a future that is nonviolent, rather peaceful (Judith, 1992). How can the groups create rationally harmonious relationships after gruesome experience? Observation and research indicate that after conflict ends, even if they come to an end through peaceful agreements, such as in Lakota Sioux case, conflicts are likely to reoccur (Ignatiev, 1995). End of conflict is unlikely to change hostility that lead to more future crisis. Reconciliation is a significant model and tool that can be used to heal groups or people after a conflict, for this particular case the Lakota Sioux Society.
Reconciliation involves the change in behavior and attitude towards conflicting groups. It can be defined as the mutual acceptance by group members of each other, and the structures and process that result to or sustain that acceptance (Ervin & Laurie, 2000). Reconciliation suggests that perpetrators and victims do not view the past in definition of the future.
Impact of intense conflict is enormous. Psychological needs of victims which are basic are severely frustrated. The way of how they understand spirituality and the world is disrupted. The disruptions, in conjunction with social associations, and emotional instability result to intense trauma (Judith, 1992). The Lakota Sioux of the Northern America are considered to be victims of multigenerational trauma. The trauma is also referred to as historical loss. In a multigenerational trauma, the experienced trauma in one society generation can affect the coming generations. They can occur due to violence, war, catastrophes and many other conflicts. The Lakota people have a long history of colonization (Ignatiev, 1995). Their culture has endured systematic cruelties of their traditions, religion, language and music. Their rural history has led them to endure land loss, poverty and living in conditions that they are unwilling such as relocations. Despite the decades of oppression, cultural...