With heart disease and its risk factors affecting a large majority of the human population (WHO 2012) it is imperative to raise awareness of daily physical activity and the preventative and manageable benefits it reaps against heart disease (Bassuk & Manson 2009). Over the past five decades a great deal of data has been collected portraying evidence of the inverse relationship between a sedentary lifestyle and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (Archer & Blair 2011). Some examples of common heart diseases are, coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, heart infections and congenital heart defects (Mayo Clinic Staff n.d.). ‘World Health Organization (2012) estimates that more than 17.3 million people died of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack or stroke in 2008’. Many risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, such as, obesity, dyslipidaemia, and hypertension are manageable, and can be effectively targeted through the use of physical activity (Stamatakis 2010).
‘Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure (WHO 2012). Physical inactivity has been identified as the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality, causing an estimated 3.2 million deaths globally’ (WHO 2012). Several studies show that regular physical activity can confer major health benefits and is an effective strategy in the prevention and treatment process (Stamatakis 2010), specifically proposing that through regular physical activity you can lower your risk of heart disease (Zhao et al. 2008).
Metkus, Baughman and Thompson (2010) suggest that there is a decrease in the number of cardiovascular disease events in individuals who perform regular aerobic activity. Zhao et al. (2008) indicates that even if an individual shares a family history of heart disease, physical activity is still beneficial to them, as it may delay its onset or even prevent heart disease. With one hour of walking per week having the capability to make a difference (Metkus, Baughman & Thompson 2010) thus physical activity makes it very achievable to improve ones health (Kokkinos 2008). An extraordinary amount of evidence from several studies and Meta analyses, support the hypothesis that, physical activity “delays the onset of cardiovascular disease and decreases cardiovascular disease and mortality” (Archer & Blair 2011 pp. 394)
E. Paul Roetert documents (2008) that sedentary lifestyles are not isolated to the adult population but are being found among children and adolescents as well. With obesity becoming a huge epidemic across all ages, as well as being one of the major risk factors for heart disease (Kokkinos 2008) it is important to promote and educate individuals about physical activity, as it specifically targets obesity (Obesity Prevention n.d.). Roetert (2008) investigates the benefits of children taking part in regular physical activity and the effect it has on future coronary heart disease. It was observed that if...