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Health And Medicine Essay

1231 words - 5 pages

Sewage would only worsen the issues of the Victorian Era making it terribly inferior to many citizens of London. Hospitals were not the only problem because the disposal of waste might have been just as evenly bad. “How to dispose of the accumulated waste was a problem that preoccupied the minds of countless reformers, engineers, scientists, and amateur sanitarians, but the problem acquired a particular urgency because the retention of waste in the city was associated with disease and even death…” (Cleansing the City p. 9-10). Many places in London had terrible sewage issues and it became evident that the sewage was so bad because no one knew how to dispose of the waste. The waste was very ...view middle of the document...

16-17). Most urban areas of Victorian cities suffered the most or were impacted the most with sanitary issues so those specific areas would change the most. The issues of the nineteenth century helped the reform movement very effectively and in one hundred years multiple acts were passed. Only a few were successfully used or good acts in general.

As the Victorian Era progressed many acts and laws went into effect but later failed and were repealed. One famous or well-known act was the Public Health Act of 1848 that was beneficial to London for multiple reasons. “The Public Health Act, 1848, which set up the board conferred powers upon local boards of health (who were often in practice in the town council) to construct sewers, water supply networks and public baths; to control offensive trades the glue making and rendering; to clear cellars that were being used as dwellings” (The Great Filth p. 23). This act especially helped alleviate the waste problem for the citizens of London momentarily but only to cause problems in the future with the Thames River. This act also helped London fix sanitary water issues and helped create a cleaner environment with the creation of public baths. Another major issue of London was the drainage of sewage and how it affected homes directly. “The consolidation of the commissions marked an important step in standardizing London’s drainage, from both an administrative and technological perspective” (Cleansing the City p. 30). Thousands of people would become deathly sick and die from disease transmitted through the air-borne bacteria carried in the drains of households. This was a severe problem especially with bathroom drains because most bathrooms are right next to bedrooms. So the bad air would just seep underneath or over the bathroom doors and sit in the bedrooms, which at night a person slept in. So many people at night subconsciously realized they were breathing their way to death. Edwin Chadwick, a huge reformer of Victorian England, would create theories and acts from his endless research and studying of sanitation. “Chadwick’s vision, developed in a series of government reports through the 1840s helped shape the influential body of sanitary legislation passed in 1848, including the Public Health Act, the Nuisances Removal and Disease Prevention Act, and the Metropolitan and City Sewers Acts” (Cleansing the City p. 30). Mr. Chadwick actually helped pass some very important acts of the time in London that revolutionize the world and sanitation. These types of acts were the reason that sanitary reform was catalyzed. Although acts and certain people helped fuel sanitary reform, so did the new sewers because they began to become a nuisance and...

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