Health And Wellbeing Essay

1914 words - 8 pages

Health and well-being is a high priority in current health and social care provision. The importance of promoting health and well-being is due to the dramatically increasing trend of morbidity and mortality from health problems, illness and chronic disease. Physiotherapists have potentially a significant role in the multidisciplinary health promotion arena. As physiotherapists can promote health in dynamic of ways and make contribution to the community. The promotion of health to enable individuals suffers from illness or has chronic conditions to improve their potential for healthy living.
”Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." (WHO, 1948) Wellness is lifelong process of making appropriate decisions to fulfilling life and becoming a healthier, happier human being. Wellness is multidimensional, this include element such as physical, emotional, occupational, spiritual, social and intellectual (Barnett, 2011) There are many factors that need to be considered, in order to classify health and well-being. Several non-modifiable factors affecting health can be genetics, gender, race, age. Other factors like personality, attitudes and thoughts that can affect the lifestyle. “Individual health is closely linked to community health” (Healthy People 2010, 2000) the relation within a social group, referred to their behaviours, orientation and contribution within the community, which involves their interests or needs from other people, as general health can be influenced on relationship with friends and family. Awareness of emotion changes, the ability to sustain in control of them, resolving problems, and coping with stress. It also depends on the natural environment. Weather, especially extreme heat and cold and icy conditions, this can inhibit participation in outdoor activities.

Socioeconomic issue is also an important affecting factor, generally people with higher education and higher income tends to be less prone to stress. Due to their individual live is at a greater life quality. Quality of life can be defined as “individuals’ perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns.” (WHOQOL, 1995). Socioeconomic status tends to be inversely related to participation in leisure-time physical activity, which may be related to people with low incomes having less discretionary time and less access to exercise facilities and green spaces (McNeill et al., 2006) In developed countries, people tend to have a sedentary lifestyle which can leads to higher levels of obesity, therefore lower overall well-being. A study shown “The percentage of all deaths in England with obesity on the certificate doubled from 0.11% in 1995 to 0.23% in 2006.” (NHS choices, 2010) The researchers concluded: “There is an emerging trend of increased certification of obesity...

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