This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Health Associated Infections Essay

1764 words - 7 pages

Hospital acquired infections are one of the most common complications of care in the hospital setting. Hospital acquired infections are infections that patients acquired during the stay in the hospital. These infections can cause an increase number of days the patients stay in the hospital. Hospital acquired infections makes the patients worse or even causes death. “In the USA alone, hospital acquired infections cause about 1.7 million infections and 99,000 deaths per year”(secondary).
Nursing diagnosis
Hospital acquired infections are spread by numerous routes including contact, intravenous routes, air, water, oral routes, and through surgery. The most common types of infections in hospitals include urinary tract infections (32%), surgical site infections (22%), pneumonia (15%), and bloodstream infections (14%). ( book). The most common microorganisms associated with the types of infections are Esherichila coli, Enterococcus species, Staphylococcus auerus, Coagulase-negative staphylococci, or Pseudomonas aeruginosa.(secondary) Urinary tract infections occur when one or more of microorganisms enter the urinary system and affect the bladder and/or the kidneys. These infections are often associated improper catheterization technique. Surgical site infections occur after surgery in the part of the body where the surgery took place. These infections may involve the top of the skin, the tissue under the skin, organs, or blood vessels. Surgical site infections sometimes take days or months after surgery to develop. The infections can be cause by improper hand washing, dressing change technique, or improper surgery procedure. Pneumonia can also become a hospital acquired infection. Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a type of lung infection that occurs in a person who has been on a ventilator. Microorganisms can enter the ventilator by the open hole in the patient’s throat or by unsterile suctioning. After microorganisms enter the patient’s body they can go to the lungs and cause pneumonia. Central line-bloodstream infections occur when microorganism enter the bloodstream by the intravenous line. Microorganisms are transfer into the blood stream by inadequate hand hygiene or improper intravenous fluid, tubing, and site care practice. Multidrug-resistant organisms can cause infections of the blood, skin, or organ systems. These infections can arise due to the overuse or misuse of antibiotics, which can result in the microorganisms becoming more resistant to antibiotic therapy. Methicillin-resistant Staphyloccocus aureus and Clostridium difficile are examples of this kind of infection. Health care employees need to know the different types of hospital acquired infections and how they are spread to be able to effectively prevent them.
The priority nursing diagnosis of hospital acquired infection is risk for any kind of infection. One of the main goals for each patient in the hospital is the patient will remain free of infection as evidence by...

Find Another Essay On Health Associated Infections

Soil Transmitted Helminths and Disease Essay

1590 words - 7 pages development of drugs has amplified treatment possibilities to the majority of people who need it (WHO, 2006). The main discussion of this write- up is to discuss about the public health challenges possessed by soil- transmitted helminthes infection, the strategies use to effectively control these infections globally and regionally in Africa. DISCUSSIONS Soil- transmitted helminthes transmission is the most of the time associated with poor

Vibrio Vulnificus Essay

1631 words - 7 pages invasiveness and the high fatality rates associated with infection. It was first and has become the leading cause of seafood-associated deaths in the United States. V vulnificus is a halophilic (salt-loving) organism whose infectious dose is unknown. The severity of V vulnificus infections (and probably the infectious dose required for infection) depends on both bacterial and host factors. V vulnificus produces a number of enzymes (hyaluronidase

Urinary Tract Infections Using Indwelling Urethral Catheters

1075 words - 5 pages safely on patients. Evidence base practices that are reviewed systematically decreases the risk of infections in patients and in the health care settings. Titles Found -1st Search The first five searches that one would come across when looking up urethral catheters at the Cochrane library are as follows: • Strategies for the removal of short‐term indwelling urethral catheters in adults (Griffiths & Fernandez ,2009). • Types of urethral catheters

Risk Management of Healthcare Associated Risks

967 words - 4 pages The purpose of this paper is to clearly define Health Associated Infections (HAIs) in the surrounded world. As well as to identify who is at risk, and how people in the healthcare setting can reduce those risks. In addition to how this could save money for the healthcare setting, and prevent deaths from these infections. By providing a better quality of care for patients, and prevent unnecessary contaminations. HAIs or also called Health Care

Drug-Resistant Organisms

842 words - 3 pages -blooded animals, and have been frequently isolated from a wide range of foodstuffs such as dairy products and meat [3]. (Abulreesh, 2011) The coagulase-positive Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of various community and hospital acquired infections. It causes skin and soft tissues infections, surgical site infections, and bone and joint infections. Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of hospital-acquired bacteraemia and it is associated

Coinfection of HIV, Hepatitis C virus, and Hepatitis B virus among Injection Drug users in Isfahan Drop in Centers

773 words - 4 pages were IDUs worldwide (12). The rate is estimated to be 260,000 in Iran. Recent studies reported that the rate had more increasing trend in Iran in past decade (13). Coinfections of mentioned three viral infections are important issue for the health authorities in Iran, because the coinfections are associated with increased risk of disease related morbidity and mortality due to changes in the natural history of each infection, increased risk of

Fungal Infections

1040 words - 4 pages eyes, though superficial, can be very serious. Mycotic keratitis (fungal infection of the cornea of the eye) can take many forms, and is associated with contact lens use, eye surgery, and immunosuppressive illnesses.Fungal infections that infect deeper skin tissues include sporothrix schenckii, a dimorphic fungi classically contracted from a piercing from a rose bush. Sporotricosis manifests as pain and redness that tracks up lymphatic vessels in

Annotated Bibliography on Antibiotic

1201 words - 5 pages ) Adherence to international antimicrobial prophylaxis guidelines in cardiac surgery: a Jordanian study demonstrates need for quality improvement. J Manag Care Pharm. 15:262-71. Amoran OE, Sogebi AO, Fatugase OM (2013) Rates and Risk Factors Associated with Surgical Site Infections in a Tertiary Care Center in South-Western Nigeria. Int J Trop Dis Health. 3(1): 25-36. Andhoga J, Macharia AG, Maikuma IR, Wanyonyi ZS, Ayumba BR, Kakai R (2002

Helminthes and Worms: Parasites

1794 words - 8 pages -transmitted helminthes infections. Ascaris lumbricoides (round worm), trichuris trichura (whipworm), Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus (hookworm). These four helminthes are commonly associated with malnutrition, including anemia. Pregnant women are at risk of nutritional deficiencies caused by helminthes infections Soil-transmitted helminthes have been as causing impairment of growth and nutrition

Nurse to Patient Ratios: An Alternative Approach

1479 words - 6 pages -care-blog/index.php/healthcare/rn-turnover-costs/ Scott, II, R. D. (2009). The direct medical costs of healthcare-associated infections in U.S. hospitals and the benefits of prevention. Retrieved from The future of nursing: Leading change advancing health [Report]. (2010). Retrieved from The Institute of Medicine:

Preventing Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection (MRSA)

1254 words - 5 pages could produce fever in severe cases. In addition to other types of infections, the major concern about MRSA is the increased possibility an infection can penetrate the immune system through the skin and cause septicemia, an infection of the blood, which is life-threatening.There are two types of MRSA infections: Healthcare-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) and community-associated MRSA (CA-MRSA) and both types affect the public in general. HA-MRSA, in the

Similar Essays

Wuefewufhweui Essay

1267 words - 6 pages the loss of tens of thousands of lives “Health-care Associated Infections (HAI)” 1). In the year 1999 nosocomial infections were still a very big thing to worry about, and these infections were seen all throughout the intensive care units within the US. Based on the website,, there were studies that showed within the hospitals ICUs urinary tract infections were the most frequent (31%), followed by pneumonia (27%) and

Healthcare Associated Infections Essay

1785 words - 7 pages healthcare-associated infection. However, middle-aged male smokers with chronic diseases seem to have a higher chance of contracting an infection, especially urinary tract infections (Greene et al., 2012, p. 5). Fifteen to twenty-five percent of patients obtain a urinary catheter during their hospital stay, and about seventy-five percent receive an infection from this procedure. Unnecessary and continuous use of the catheter increases health

Discuss The Control Of Nosocomail Infections

2292 words - 9 pages & Harvey 1995).Accordingly this essay will discuss the types of susceptible patients to infections and the most common micro-organisms associated with nosocomial infections. Including, how implications of effective handwashing, wearing of protective attire and appropriate disposal of wastes linen and sharps are strategies and methods used by nursing staff in preventing, controlling and reducing nosocomial infections. Plus the importance of

Healthcare Associated Infections (Ha Is) Essay

2217 words - 9 pages -to-patient ration, and physical layout of the health care facility ("Healthcare-Associated Infections - Healthy People", n.d., p.2). Changes in the regulatory environment, reimbursement practices and legal standards along with drastic changes in healthcare itself are creating a ‘perfect storm’ of liability and increase risk for healthcare-associated infections in healthcare facilities today (Pyrek, 2009, pg. 2). All states have some type of HAI