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Health Care And The Marxist Theory

1029 words - 5 pages

In the past centuries, health care was the responsibility of individuals and their own families but today Medicine comes to be an institution only as societies are more productive and people take on specialized work. At the same time as people become dependent on governments and organizations to provide them their health care and insurance, here is the problem. Social conflict analysis points out the connection between health and social inequality. Following the ideas of Karl Marx, we can match health to the operation of capitalism. Most attention has gone to three main issues: access to medical care, the effects of the profit motive, and the politics of medicine.
Start talking about access to health care, I would say, Health care is essential for all people but at the same time people have to pay directly for a medical care. If not, so you don’t have the chance to live. This allows rich men and the upper class to have the best health care. The problem is very serious in the US as they don’t have a universal medical care system such as in European countries. Social conflict theory in the US argues that the society provides the best health care but only for rich people, leaving 50 million Americans without health care insurance at present have low incomes. This is the case the movie, John Q, is arguing. A factory worker, whose child needs a transplant, however his medical insurance doesn’t cover the costs of the surgery.
Marxist theory argued that the problem is not just about access to medical care. It is the capitalist economy that defines health and medicine. Under the umbrella of this system, “the main goal of medicine is not health but profit. The profit turns doctors, hospitals, pharmaceutical industry into multibillion dollars corporations.”(Society, the basics, 402). It was oblivious in the movie when the doctor who is responsible for the transplant told John, It costs money to provide health care. The goal of medicine was no longer to be treatment, only money. John could only gather 20,000 dollars to pay for the transplant which costs 250,000 dollars, so doctors decided to get his son out of the hospital and not to put his name on patients list. If we think of the number, 250,000 dollars, such amount of money for one surgery is a lot. This take us to the second part of the Marxist theory as he said that the drive for higher profits encourages unnecessary tests and surgery and the reliance on expensive drugs rather than focusing on improving people’s lives.
The physician role is a part of structural functional theory by Talcott Parsons. The physician is responsible for evaluating sickness and help restore people to normal routines and to behave patients equally which wasn’t proved concerning the doctor in the movie who was treating John’s child differently in comparison to the rich guy next to him. Because this rich guy had paid all the money for his...

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