Health Care Questions Essay

2308 words - 10 pages

A smoke-free environment policy provides formal explanations to all workers as to why the organization has adopted such a system. It outlines the responsibilities to be executed by all parties in safeguarding the policy (Procter-Scherdtel & Collins, 2013). In addition, it alerts all workers and visitors of the organization on the ultimate penalty for the violation of the policy. There are key factors involved in formulating a smoke-free policy. Firstly, the policy should have a management approval. The management’s approval plays a vital role in the process of forming and implementing the policy. It brings the notion of leadership and commitment to the process. Managerial leaders positively ...view middle of the document...

The new public health approach is better than the old one in that it promotes health advances and the heritage of the previous years (Watkins & Cousins, 2010). It has been amended in respect to knowledge advancement, increment of human concerns, and upcoming threats to health. Moreover, the difference between the new and the old public health approaches is not the novelty of strategies used for promotion of healthy conditions, but the improvement of previous core principles to address the current threats (Rufai, 2013). The new public health approach clearly defines the philosophical foundation of the current public health system; this results in an excellent monitoring of public health responsibilities and safe foundation for funding. In addition, the new approach clearly defines public health staff and their roles, which facilitates unity within the sector. It values health workers more than social change advocates. The previous eras over-relied on hierarchical structures and did not fully recognize employees in the public health sector. Additionally, the initial reference of public health as a global issue preceding primary medical care was not accurate. The previous approach mainly reflected on the opinions of empire states than the realism outside the empire spheres. Most of their ideologies proved not to work outside the affluent in various societies (Christensen, 2011). The failure to implement primary health care in the old approach led to the difficulties in the development of a successful global public health framework. Finally, the current world is characterized by intractable issues, such as poverty, global inequality, new diseases and infections, and constant conflicts, which are difficult to address using the old public health approach. An improved outline has been developed, which has assisted in disease prevention, and saves lives at local level using affordable measures and techniques (Friis, 2011). In addition, it has facilitated a worldwide prophylaxis campaign against contagious diseases.
According to Proust and Fincham (2013), sociological issues refer to economic and social factors that determine the health status of an individual in the society. They encompass risk conditions that a person experiences either at work or home. The key factors according to the World Health Organization include social gradient, early childhood development, unemployment, addiction, social support networks, availability healthy food and infrastructure, social exclusion, and stress. These factors either increase or reduce the exposure of an individual to infections and diseases. Sociologists suggest that these factors are created by public policies that replicate the existing political principles of the people in power (Barnard, 2011). There are different explanations on how these factors contribute to the health status of an individual. Firstly, the United States Center for Disease Control explains that the social factors act as resources that...

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