HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN JAMAICA
Health policy refers to decisions, plans and actions used by governments in achieving specific health care goals within society. A health policy often can be defined as a vision for the future, which can help to establish targets and points of reference for the short and medium term (http://www.who.int). Jamaica is an island situated in the West Indies 90miles south of Cuba that has been classified as a country of medium human development. In 2012 the current estimated population stands at 2,889,187, growth rate 1714%, birth rate 18.89/1000, infant mortality 14.3/1000 and life expectancy 73.43(www.infoplease.com). The capacity of the state of Jamaica in providing social services, and supporting infrastructure, has been reduced due to the lack of financial and economic problems (www.sidsnet.org). So within this report it will discuss the key aspects of the health policy in Jamaica, and the views of the impact on the health population. In order to address these issues it will include a rationale, evidence, a structured analysis of the health care system, and the pressures on the health care system.
The reason why this country has been chosen to undergo this report is because it’s a third world country with a high mortality rate. By analysing this country it will give me a better insight into the why the mortality rates are high, and how the healthcare system in the country is trying to reduce this with the use of strategies in reforming all health areas within the population.
Jamaica has been aware of the strategic value of health, for transforming and reconstructing the landscape of the country. In order for these strategies to be put into prospective they looked into the health system figures predominately the cycle of poverty, the access to quality services which are accessible to the population. For them to keep up with the world health organisation, they have identified the philosophy of health as a fundamental right of every citizen, this outlines the government keen to provide universal access to quality care at the primary level, while other investments are to improve the organisation and the services delivery in regards to the secondary tertiary levels. Jamaica’s spending of health facilities included over 330 health centres, 24 public hospitals, over 495 pharmacies and 10 private hospitals (http://www.commonwealthhealth.org/).
There are major impacts on the health system in Jamaica evidence has suggested that the ’’rapid changes in the conditions and patterns of disease has been the result of the changes in global environment’’. Since 1982 cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancers have been the leading causes of the death in Jamaica. In 2009 figures showed that approximately 60% of deaths among men and 75% of deaths among women. The underlying risk factors of health were defined as tobacco use, unhealthy diets, physical inactivity and the harmful use of alcohol; in 2000...