Health Final Essay

1032 words - 5 pages

Nutrition is the study of what people eat and eating habits. Nutrition is very important to a person’s daily life. Being healthy is very important. To be healthy, a person must eat a balanced amount of the variety of foods in the food groups. There are 5 food groups: Grains, Vegetables, Fruit, Dairy, and Proteins. The Grains food group consists of any food made from wheat, rice, oats, barley, or another cereal grain. Any food made up of these cereal grains is called a grain product. There are 2 types of grains: whole and refined. Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel. Reduced grains have been milled, and have no bran and germ. The Vegetables food group consists of any vegetable or 100% vegetable juice. Vegetables can be eaten in many ways. They can be raw, cooked, fresh, frozen, canned, or dried. There are 5 vegetable subgroups: Dark Green Vegetables, Red and Orange, Starchy, Beans and Peas, and Other Vegetables. Dark Green Vegetables are broccoli, kale, and collard greens. Red and Orange Vegetables are squash, carrots, pumpkin, and red pepper. Starchy Vegetables are corn, green peas, plantains, lima beans, and potatoes. Beans and Peas are black beans, pinto beans, and garbanzo. Other vegetables are asparagus, artichoke, and okra. The Fruit food group consists of any fruit or 100% fruit juice. The Dairy food group consists of all fluid milk products and many foods made from milk. The Proteins food group consists of any food made from meat, poultry, seafood, beans and peas, eggs, processed soy products, nuts, and seeds.
Having a health diet is very fundamental to a person’s life. Not having a healthy diet can lead to many diseases and fatal illnesses. A healthy diet is a diet that emphasizes all the food groups, stays in daily calorie needs, and is low in saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, sodium, and added sugars. Some tips for having a healthy diet are making at least half your grains whole, varying vegetables, focusing on fruit, getting calcium rich foods, going lean with protein, finding a balance between food and physical activity, and keeping food safe to eat. This information about nutrition will help me significantly in the future. Some ways this information will help with my diet and nutrition are using the tips for having a healthy diet, building a healthy plate, having a lot of physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and eating the right balance of food from the food groups.
Desirable Weight is the weight that is healthful for a person. Body composition is the percentage of fat tissue and lean tissue in the body. Factors that determine your desirable weight are age, height, gender, body frame, basal metabolic rate, and activity level. Body frame is the approximate weight and density of bone structure. Basal metabolic rate is the number of calories the body uses at rest. The healthful percentage of body fat for teen males is 11 to 17%. The healthful percentage of body fat for teen females is 18 to...

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