WHO, 1986 defines health as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being. Therefore, it is viewed as much a social as a biological issue. "Healthy" is broadly used in the framework of “healthy environments” as to its impact on the benefit of humans.
In addition to health care interventions and a person's surroundings, a number of other factors are known to influence the health status of individuals, including their background, lifestyle, and economic and social conditions. In addition to health care interventions and a person's surroundings, a number of other factors are known to influence the health status of individuals, including their background, lifestyle, and economic and social conditions.
When the conditions of health are not fulfilled, then one can be considered to have an illness or be sick. To treat and/or reduce symptoms of an illness or medical conditions healthcare providers use and prescribe medication and the science of pharmacology. Definitions for sociology of health and illness are defined as; Illness or feeling ill is debatably a personal issue of disease or ill health, and sickness being a social state or a social role. While many people may believe that science alone determines illness, this sociological view points out that society determines sickness as well.
Throughout this paper I will describe the theoretical approach, perspectives, strengths, limitations and assumptions of this theory as it related to health. An examination of how the theory may be interpreted, understood, or experienced using CRT and Intersectionality will be done. The end result will identify how my analysis might have implications for social work practice at both the micro and macro level and will include practice questions or interventions I might explore with my client for this theory.
Symbolic-Interaction approach to Health
The term “Symbolic Interactionism” (SI), a study of human group life and conduct was outlined by Herbert Blumer (1969). SI asserts that human individuals develop their personalities through interaction with others, by exchanging meaningful symbols with each other for the purpose of defining themselves. Blumer was a student of George H. Mead and influenced by John Dewey as he insisted that human beings are best understood in relation to their environment (Society for More Creative Speech, 1996). According to the SI paradigm, society is less of a grand system than it is a series of complex and changing realities. Therefore, people in everyday interaction socially construct health and medical care. The WHO's 1986 Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion furthered that health is not just a state, but also "a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities." Health is understood to encompass more than just the physical feeling that your body is ill, but also the state of mind, the inner spirit...