A Concept Analysis of Health in Spanish-Speaking Populations
Perceived health in Spanish-speaking populations has been studied using the English language. There needs to be studies on the perceived health of the Spanish-speaking population in their words. The use of Spanish-speaking data collectors is needed to get Spanish-speaking communities own perspectives on their health needs and to examine the concept of health in Spanish-speaking populations. The aim of this paper is to examine the concept of health in Spanish-speaking people.
Purpose of Analysis
The US Spanish-speaking population represents a particular vulnerable subset of US Hispanics that have lower-income, less education, poor perceived health status and poor access to the health care System (Debar & Gizlice, 2008).
Supportive roles for member of Hispanic health professionals include promoting nursing as a career, serving as role models and mentors, and assisting with identification of financial support. Health care professional organizations should work closely with other groups to maximize their efforts (Cason et al., 2008).
Perceived is defined in the Merriam-Webster online dictionary (2011) as a transitive verb meaning (1) to attain awareness or understanding of: to regard as being such, and (2) to become aware of through the senses (Merriam-Webster Online, 2011). Additional research is needed on perceived health in Spanish-speaking populations using the words of the Spanish-speaking population. As the Spanish-speaking community grows, there is a need to address language barriers in health care. This needs to be addressed by the health care community.
Health is defined in the Merriam-Webster online dictionary (2011) as a noun meaning (1) the conditions of being in sound body, mind, or spirit; especially: freedom from physical disease or pain: the general condition of the body. (2) Flourishing condition; general condition or state (Merriam-Webster Online, 2011). What does the Spanish speaking population in the United States define as being healthy, what do they see their needs are, what health issues affect this community and which are priority to be addressed. The concept of health is defined by Levine as patterns of adaptive change of the whole being (McEwin, & Wills, 2011, p. 151).
Access. Limited access to health care service and lack of continuity of care were apparent in a qualitative research design using interviews among eight Hispanic women in a rural Southwestern North Carolina County. Limited access was due to inability to afford services, difficulty with transportation, dissatisfaction with services, language barriers and inability to understand treatment plans. This study showed that health indicators of Hispanics suggests that health outcomes continue to be behind other population groups, they also remain below goals established by Healthy People 2010 (Butler, Kim-Godwwin, & Fox, 2008).