Health Inequalities PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 7
Running Head: HEALTH INEQUALITIES
Health InequalitiesIntroductionInequality to Aboriginal people in health and medical systems has precisely been examined in this essay. Firstly, Aboriginal people have been enduring very inadequate health and medical services. Although many indigenous people have died because of poor health conditions, Australian society has not acted enough at all in the past. But now those citizens who have been questioning about social inequalities in health care to be considered seriously, seem to be a little satisfied now seeing the signs of political breakthrough in health care facilities. Currently Australian Government seem to be adamant to do something about this issue. (Kanitsaki, 2007) This issue has been included in the new health care strategies by the Australian Government 2 The Scottish Office Department of Health,Working together for a healthier Scotland. Cm 3854, The Stationery Office, Edinburgh (1998). are currently available for public consultation.Central to the issue of how such an aim is to be achieved is the setting of targets for reducing inequalities and the selection of indicators to monitor progress towards those targets. Nevertheless, the government has already placed a formal responsibility on health authorities to set local targets to reduce identified inequalities within their boundaries, and to be held to account for making progress towards these targets. This is the first time in Australian history that such requirements have been established. The government has also signalled its intention to introduce legislation to make local authorities responsible for promoting the social and economic well-being of the communities they serve and for working in partnership with health authorities in undertaking this process.These developments are already concentrating the minds of those responsible for translating public-health strategy into practice at both national and local levels in Australia. But this is not merely an Australian preoccupation. Across Europe, the same concerns about health-divides, which in some cases are widening, have pushed the issue higher up the political agenda." Member states of the European Region of the WHO are in the process of renewing commitments to the Health For All strategy, and are currently debating the setting of equity targets. Several countries have begun intensive assessments of the extent of health inequalities in their populations and some have gone further. For example, Sweden has set up a Parliamentary Commission on Public Health, which is drawing up an equity-oriented national strategy, with subgroups now working on devising targets.There needs to be an emphasis on health education and promotion to prevent Aboriginal people from becoming sick in the first place. (Ring, I.T. and Elston, 1999) Nursing education also needs to include Aboriginal cultural awareness programs and an understanding of the past...