One of the five key principles of care practice is to ‘Support people in having a voice and being heard,’ (K101, Unit 4, p.183). The key principles are linked to the National Occupational Standards for ‘Health and Social Care’. They are a means of establishing and maintaining good care practice. Relationships based on trust and respect should be developed between care receivers and care givers, thus promoting confidence whilst discussing personal matters without fear of reprisal and discrimination.
This essay will look at case studies in K101 Block 2 to demonstrate why the principle is important and how care workers can apply different methods of putting it into practice.
To illustrate good practice in supporting people to have a voice the case study of Jordan Morgan (K101, Unit 5). Jordan was separated from his birth parents at a young age and has resided in various placements since.
A child’s development and learning commences from the earliest days of their lives. The unique identity of each individual stems from the relationships with people who provide love, care and emotional support. These relationships can be within the home environment, school playground or with extended family members and friends. Children respond to stimuli which in turn form the ‘internal working model’ (K101, Unit 5). This can be described as how we view ourselves and others within society; it influences what we expect and how we respond to situations.
Attachments are formed with parents; this contributes to give a sense of who we are and who we will become in later life. However where these attachments are broken the child needs to have a secure attachment established with an alternative adult care giver, (John Bowlby 1969, K101, Introductory Reader, 24.2). This is required to ensure optimal wellbeing, emotional development and identity.
Should secure attachments not be established at an early age, children may need alternative means of reminiscing their past as this is the basis of their personal identity. It could be argued that this may have a continuing impact on future relationships, possibly by failing to provide secure attachments for their own children
‘Life story work is a method of working with people who for some reason are vulnerable, or who may be going through difficult or challenging life transitions’ (K101, Unit 5, p. 19).
To create a life story with a child it is important that care workers are appropriately trained, supported and supervised throughout the process. It is essential that care workers ‘have sensitivity and empathy for the child, an ability to listen to the child and understand them’ (Tony Ryan and Rodger Walker, Resource 6, p 36).
Life story work is explored as a method to use with Jordan as he has no secure attachment figure. Factual information is provided by Social Services to Suzanne McGladdery, Foster Care Associates. Anecdotal stories are sourced from Jordan’s...