Exploring And Applying The Theories Of Health And Health Promotion

1687 words - 7 pages

Health is an important factor in everyone’s life. When people talk about health, some are solely focused and concerned on physical aspect of the health. However, health is “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (Davies & Macdowall, 2006). Therefore, keeping yourself healthy emotionally, physically, and spiritually maintains and improves quality of life. From infants to older adults, maintaining optimal health is a common goal for all of us. As healthcare members, it is our responsibilities to promote optimal health to patients and general public. According to Davies & Macdowall (2006), health promotion is the “process of enabling people to increase control over the determinants of health and thereby improve their health”. It is imperative for healthcare members to fully explore and understand the theories of health and health promotion to establish effective planning and interventions for patients.
In United States, we have more culturally and ethnically diverse population than any other country. The morbidity and mortality rates, prevalence of risk behaviors, and determinants of health behaviors are all different among various culture and ethnic groups (Glanz & Rimer, 1997). As a result, healthcare members must incorporate possible characteristics such as ethnicity, socioeconomic status, gender, age, and geographical location of targeted populations when applying health behavior theories.
Health Belief Model
The Health Belief Model (HBM) is one of the widely used theories in the healthcare field to facilitate health promotion. The model applies six concepts to the theory, which includes perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cue to action, and self-efficacy. This model was originally established in the 1950s to explain why so many people fail to participate in preventive programs such as screenings for tuberculosis. In result, it was indicated that individual’s belief on their susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers to specific conditions have significantly influenced their willingness to seek treatment. By applying HBM to specific health programs, healthcare members will be in better position to implement effective interventions for patients.
The application of HBM is used to develop effective strategies when dealing with noncompliance situations such as Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccination for young adults. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States and approximately 50% of sexually active persons become infected with HPV during their lifetime (Daley, et al., 2010). Since 2006, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have approved HPV vaccine (Gardasil) for girls and boys aged 9-26 years. However, there are still many girls and boys who have not been vaccinated and/or not interested in vaccination because of their beliefs and lack of...

Find Another Essay On Exploring and Applying the Theories of Health and Health Promotion

The Role of Health Education in Health Promotion

2310 words - 9 pages The Role of Health Education in Health Promotion The role of health education in health promotion is: To empower the individual Through education So that, that person can use that knowledge To make informed choices and decisions Regarding their own personal health for the better This allows the individual to become autonomous, giving the person Freedom to make their own choices Giving

Health promotion in a diverse community using the tannahill model of health promotion

2073 words - 8 pages programme that will meet each patients individual health needs. When Mary was transferred to ward L4 she was introduced to her primary nurse and the members of the team to which she was allocated as the ward operates on a team nursing basis to deliver care. Consistency in staffing encourages a development of trust and the promotion of a ' surrogate family' (Holloway 1988).In 1946, the Constitution of the World Health Organisation defined health as

Health Promotion and Teaching as Tools for Nursing

1476 words - 6 pages Laying the Foundation for a Healthier Future Health promotion and teaching are important tools for nursing. By promoting health and health teaching, nurses can help lay the foundation for a healthier future. Major Concepts and Definitions Belief–a statement of sense, declared or implied, that is intellectually and/or emotionally accepted as true by a person or group. Attitude–a relatively constant

Health Promotion Program

1399 words - 6 pages Health Promotion ProgramA person who is obese is a person whose weight is 20 percent or more above a normal weight. About 30 percent of people in the United States are obese. Obesity is when you are overweight. Some people are obese because of the genes that are carried on in the generations of families. Most people are obese because they are over eating and not being mindful of calorie intake. Some people take in a lot of food and do nothing to

Exploring the Impacts of Ageism in the Mental Health and Addictions Sector

1652 words - 7 pages they have experienced some form of ageist behaviour, (Allen, Cherry & Palmore, 2009), and for older adults living with addiction or mental health issues, this experience of stigma is compounded. Considering the increasing number of older adults in need of services, ageism is a particularly pertinent issue in the addictions and mental health sector. Ageist attitudes are prevalent among service providers and can shape the development and

Health Issues, Sociological Theories and Classism

718 words - 3 pages Outlined within this essay are two sociological theories which have been investigated this will be in conjunction with a contemporary health issue. This then will be related to how the individual’s lifestyle and social class to give the reader a better understanding of this health issue. Functionalism perspective will be the first sociological theory reviewed. Functiolism is one of the earliest sociological perspectives Emile Durkheim (1858

HIV/STD: Health Promotion Strategies

874 words - 3 pages The World Health Organization defines Health promotion as “ the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and thereby improve their health participants.” Contemporary health professionals such as nurse practitioners, nurses, and doctors inform and demonstrate ways on caring for the self. The contemporary view of health promotion is an individual driven prevention assisted by health care

Evaluating a Health Promotion Website

900 words - 4 pages Introduction This assignment intends to review the concept of nursing shift handover. Nursing handover can be defined as an important time to exchange information pertinent to the continued care of their patients (Pothier, Monteiro, Nooktlar et al. 2005). Methods of handover are varied, ranging from taped, verbal, by the bedside or with typed sheets. In 2010 there were 352,104 registered nurses, midwives and health visitors working in

Evaluating a Health Promotion Website

858 words - 3 pages transferred using different types of handover and thereby informing any recommendation. Indeed, Pothier asserts that database searches provided no previous evidence establishing this. In addition, Pothier reiterates the importance of accurate handovers in patient care and safety. Indeed, the Health & Safety Executive (1996) cites reviews of nursing handovers to help formulate improved offshore industrial handovers, due to its many parallels to nursing

Health promotion: evaluating and analysing existing campaigns and creating own research tools ie: questionnaire

1132 words - 5 pages Task OneI have chosen drug abuse as an area from a health promotion target.I have chosen target five, from the "national health programme objectives and targets" (www.medstat.waw.pl/nhp/5.html 19/01/2003)Target 5 is:"Reducing abuse of psychoactive substances and drug abuse-related health damage" (www.medstat.waw.pl/nhp/5.html 19/01/2003)There are three expected outcomes, to be achieved by 2005 they are:Ø" drug demand reduction"&Oslash

The Role of Health Care Promotion in the Practice of Oncology Nursing

1271 words - 5 pages patient’s physical state, give prescriptions and administer chemotherapy. This is one of the most challenging and at the same time rewarding fields in the nursing practice. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of health care promotion in the practice of oncology nursing. The first part will be a discussion on the role of oncology nursing, the history and future direction as well as the rewards and challenges. The second part will examine

Similar Essays

Health Promotion Essay

1930 words - 8 pages government, and health care professionals, often attempt to positively influence individual behaviour by developing health promotion initiatives.In 2009 the government launched a healthy eating campaign called 'Change4Life'. They employed a multiple layer approach, within their marketing, in order to influence individuals through the use of different strategies at different levels. The campaign aimed to highlight the high levels of fat, sugar and salt

Obesity Case Study And Health Promotion Paper

4135 words - 17 pages days of the week is sufficient for risk reduction when continued long term. Finally, addition of behavioral interventions may strengthen motivation and self monitoring, and enhance weight loss maintenance.Interventions and ResultsBob was presented with the literature findings on health risks and health promotion, and was encouraged to lose weight by diet, and involvement in more physical activities. He was introduced with the possible options

Health Promotion: The Importance Of Vaccinations

926 words - 4 pages Health promotion is a vital component to the healthy of a society, is a key component of Healthy People 2020, and is a major role of the nurse. Health promotion is achieved through education and preventive strategies. Vaccination is a health promotion activity in that its purpose is to prevent disease (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). Through vaccination, it is possible to significantly reduce the incidents of many diseases. Diseases that can be

Research And Describe The Impact Of Health Promotion Upon Individual And Society.

1599 words - 6 pages The term Health Promotion has often been linked to sales marketing and taken to mean a propaganda approach dominated by the use of mass media; to some extent, this notion is untrue. Health promotion is concerned with the formulating of strategies and application of fundamental principles that aim to improve both the social environment and health status of individuals and communities. This essay will explain the main ideologies of health