Health Promotion Essay

1294 words - 6 pages

The American Journal of Health Promotion defines “Health Promotion as the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move towards a state of optimal health, which is a balance of the physical, emotional, social, spiritual and intellectual health.” The main purpose of health promotion in nursing practice is that nurses have a major role to play in order to guide individuals to make healthy decisions by including their patients and families, communities that further form organizations. So it is essential for nurses have thorough knowledge and information about health promotion theories and models. Nurses must possess the skill to implement and upgrade the effectiveness of evidence based interventions and critical work on future research. Research has shown that nurses with a bachelors or masters degree are adequately able to present, vital strategies to adopt healthy lifestyle to create healthy homes, work areas for school and community as a whole. The nursing roles and responsibilities are evolving to health promotion by looking at the history where we find the main role of nursing was to take care of patients and to treat their disease condition. However in the present times we find that nurses are getting more educated and the roles and responsibilities of nurses are growing to be more complex including multitasking.
In these modern times nurses not only treat the disease condition of the patients by giving them pain medications and other types of medications like PO, IM, IV, dressing changes, chemo treatment, cardiac monitors, CPR, including care and comfort measures. But the focus is further advanced to health promotion. Where nurses keep educating their patients, including their families to eat healthy foods by including lots of fruit and vegetables in their meals. Do diet and exercise on a regular basis, try to keep their body fit and prevent obesity which leads to many diseases and complications. As nurses we educate our patients about the harmful effects of smoking, drinking alcohol, and taking illicit drugs. We encourage the patients to quit all these bad habits and adapt to living in a healthy lifestyle. We also encourage our patients and families to go for screening tests for all kinds of cancers like breast, cervix, prostrate and skin etc. Above all encourage them to take control of their disease condition and try to live a healthy life. The implementation methods of health promotion that encompasses all areas of nursing include: firstly the screening the individual by asking health history, teaching them about risk factors of various diseases and how to prevent them by taking immunizations and screening tests. Secondly, we focus on the health information regarding previous disease condition like tuberculosis, MRSA, diabetes, cancer, AIDS, HIV, COPD includes airborne and contact isolation diseases and take precautionary measure to further prevent them from spreading by putting the patients in isolation rooms of...

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