Nurses play an important role in promoting health within the patient, family, and community (Kemppainen, Tassavainen, & Turunen, 2012). The focus of patient care has been transferred from treating the illness to disease prevention (Mchugh, Robinson, & Chesters, 2010). The implementation of consultation, education, and follow up exams can increase the overall quality of life for an individual (Kemppainen et al., 2012). I will discuss the various roles of a nurse in health promotion along with the multiple work environments in which they can be implemented within. I will also reveal the maintenance plan of my own personal health regimen.
The ability to be an educator, advocate, empowering agent, coordinator of care, consultant, and role model are necessary when facilitating positive lifestyle changes for the patient (Blais & Hayes, 2011). A nurse should educate her patient on the benefits of conducting a healthy lifestyle, such as eating healthy, exercising, obtaining adequate amount of sleep, refraining from the intake of harmful substances, and participating in early detection diagnostic tests and screenings (Blais & Hayes, 2011). A plan can be implemented once the patient understands the benefits and risks of their current lifestyle.
The nurse can coordinate a plan with the patient to substitute unhealthy choices and attitudes with more wholesome and beneficial alternatives. A healthy meal plan and exercise regimen can be designed to assist with weight loss and stress reduction. A daily schedule and time management skills can be incorporated to maintain sufficient sleep hours. Seeking professional help and joining support groups within the community can contribute to the goal of being tobacco and alcohol free. Yearly examinations by a primary physician and participation of recommended health screenings are required for early detection of harmful diseases. Early detection is the key to successful treatment.
One of the most important roles of a nurse is to be an advocate to her patient. She must take the time to understand what is important to the patient. The new implementations should be individualized around the patient’s personal values and goals. A nurse should empower the patient when times are challenging and continue to consult with the patient throughout the plan of care.
Health promotion can be accomplished in various environments. Schools can be utilized for education purposes. Films, brochures, lectures, and class discussions can be routes of teaching about nutrition, hygiene, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and abuse. Health departments can distribute pamphlets concerning the importance of vaccinations and preventive strategies against sexually transmitted diseases. Hospitals and medical clinics can conduct health fairs that offer free blood pressure evaluations and cholesterol screenings. They...